Know About Symptoms And Treatments Non-Alcoholic Liver Disease

Do you know what a fatty liver disease is and how it is diagnosed? if not, get all the information in this article.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Apr 22, 2022Updated at: Apr 22, 2022
Know About Symptoms And Treatments Non-Alcoholic Liver Disease

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) refers to a group of disorders caused by an excess of fat in the liver. Under this, the extra fat built in the liver cells is not caused by alcohol. These fats are common for the ones who are overweight or obese. NAFLD is a catch-all term for a variety of liver disorders that affect people who hardly drink or don’t even drink alcohol. The fundamental feature of NAFLD, as the name suggests, is excessive fat deposited in the liver. NAFLD is becoming more common all around the world. Early-stage NAFLD is usually harmless but once developed, it can cause serious damage to the liver, including cirrhosis. Let us know more about non-alcoholic liver disease from Dr. Amit GY, MBBS, MD, DNB - GI Medicine, Consultant Gastroenterologist at Apollo Spectra Hospital, Bangalore.

High levels of fat in the liver have also been related to an increased risk of major health issues such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and renal disease. NAFLD raises the risk of getting heart problems if the individual already has diabetes. It is possible to prevent NAFLD from developing and lower the amount of fat in the liver if it is detected and controlled early.

Non alcoholic liver disease symptoms

NAFLD generally has no visible signs and symptoms. In the early stages of it, there are generally no symptoms. One will not know until it is found out through testing. But when it goes to the next level or the stages, it generally has visible signs and symptoms. Some of the signs and symptoms after it reaches the next stage are:

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Non-Alcoholic Liver Disease

  • Fatigue and upper right abdominal pain, or discomfort
  • One can find the most noted signs and symptoms of NAFLD when it reaches the advanced stages.

People with fibrosis (more advanced stages of NAFLD) may occasionally experience:

  • dull or throbbing pain in the upper right quadrant (over the lower right side of the ribs)
  • swelling in the abdomen (ascites)
  • extreme tiredness
  • blood vessels that are enlarged just below the skin's surface
  • unexplained weight loss
  • red palms or yellowing of the skin and eyes. 

Treatment for NAFLD

Most people with NAFLD will not experience major complications, but if one is diagnosed with the condition, they should take actions to prevent it from getting worse. There is no specific treatment for NAFLD at the moment however, following a healthy lifestyle can assist. Treatment may also be suggested for related diseases or symptoms (such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol). It may be recommended to see the doctor regularly to monitor the liver function and look for any signs of new disorders.

Also Read: Try These 7 Home Remedies for Fatty Liver Disease

Non-Alcoholic Liver Disease

  • No medicine can treat NAFLD at present, however, a variety of medications can help manage the condition's symptoms. 
  • A doctor may prescribe medication to address high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.
  • If patients develop severe cirrhosis and the liver ceases to function correctly, they may be placed on a waiting list for a liver transplant. 
  • Alternatively, a transplant using a portion of the liver extracted from a living donor may be possible.
  • Because the liver can regenerate, both the transplanted piece and the remaining section of the donor's liver can recover to normal size.


Liver disease with late-stage scarring in the liver is the most common consequence of NAFLD. The main strategy to manage NAFLD is to live a healthy lifestyle. To manage NAFLD one should eat a nutritious and healthy diet, regular exercise is essential, and quit smoking. Although alcohol does not cause NAFLD, it can worsen it. As a result, it is suggested to reduce or discontinue alcohol use.

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