Lupus occurs when your immune system assaults your tissues and organs. It is a kind of autoimmune disease. Lupus-related inflammation can impact many body systems, which includes joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs.
Lupus is difficult to diagnose since its signs and symptoms sometimes match with other disorders. The most distinguishing feature of lupus is a face rash similar to butterfly wings unfolding across both cheeks. But, the condition is not the same for all kinds of lupus.
Some people are genetically susceptible to lupus, which can be triggered by infections, certain medications, or even sunlight. Although there is no cure for lupus, medications under expert guidance can help.
Also read: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus In Kids: Understanding SLE And Its Symptoms
Symptoms Of Lupus
Rashes on the nose and cheeks that are red and butterfly-shaped are one of the prominent symptoms of lupus.
Symptoms might appear abruptly or gradually. It can be moderate, severe, transient or permanent.
The lupus signs and symptoms you experience will be decided by which physiological systems are harmed by the disorder. Symptoms are as follows:
- Fatigue or fever
- Joint discomfort, stiffness, and oedema
- Skin lesions that intensify with sun exposure, such as a butterfly-shaped rash on the face that encompasses the cheekbones and bridge of the nose, or rashes elsewhere on the body
- Fingers and toes turn white or blue when exposed to cold or during stressful situations
- Breathing difficulty
- Chest ache
- Wet eyes
- Headaches, fuzziness, and memory loss
Causes Of Lupus
Lupus is most likely caused by the combination of genetics and environmental factors such as:
Sun exposure may cause lupus skin lesions or cause an internal response in persons who are sensitive.
Infections can trigger lupus or induce relapse in certain persons.
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Certain blood pressure drugs, anti-seizure medications, and antibiotics can all cause lupus. When people with drug-induced lupus stop taking the medicine, they usually recover better. In rare cases, symptoms may persist long after the medicine is discontinued.
Lupus-related inflammation can damage numerous parts of your body, including your:
Lupus can seriously affect the kidneys, and renal failure is one of the primary causes of mortality in patients with lupus.
The central nervous system and the brain
Lupus can cause headaches, dizziness, behavioural changes, eyesight issues, and even strokes or seizures in the brain. Many persons with lupus suffer memory problems and may struggle to articulate themselves.
Blood and its vessels
Lupus can cause blood abnormalities such as anaemia (low red blood cell count) and an increased risk of bleeding or blood clotting. It can also cause blood vessel irritation.
Lupus raises your chances of having an inflammation of the lining of your chest cavity, which can make breathing difficult. Bleeding in the lungs and pneumonia are other possibilities.
Lupus can induce inflammation of the heart muscle, arteries, and membranes. The risk of cardiovascular disease and heart attacks also rises significantly.
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