Chronic cough, shortness of breath, mucous production and wheezing are all symptoms of lung diseases in men. Consult your doctor in case you experience these.
With so many different forms, lung diseases can be difficult to understand. Let us sort them out for you in simple terms so that learning their symptoms also becomes easy. To know the lung disease symptoms in men, we must fist understand the classification of these lung diseases.
Lung diseases are classified into two groups by doctors:
Obstructive Lung Disease- It is characterized by difficulty in exhaling all the air from lungs. The damage to lungs or narrowing of airways inside the lungs causes the air to come out more slowly.
Restrictive Lung Disease- People suffering from this type of lung disease cannot fill their lungs with air. Their lungs are restricted from fully expanding.
Lung disease affects women and men alike. There are no gender-specific risks about them. Just that, smokers are at a higher risk than their non-smoking counterparts.
The main symptom for both obstructive and restrictive lung diseases is same- shortness of breath with exertion.
Symptoms of Obstructive Lung Diseases
This condition makes it harder to patients to breathe, especially while they are into increased activity or exertion. The rate of breathing increases, and there is less time to breathe all the air out before they exhale the next time.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the main causes of obstructive lung disease in men. Its symptoms are-
- Shortness of breath in everyday activities
- Chest tightness
- Constant coughing
- Producing a lot of mucus (sputum)
- Feeling tired
- Frequent colds or flu
Asthma happens to be another culprit that causes obstructive lung diseases. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute draws the symptoms of asthma to be-
- Coughing- Coughing is often worse at night or early in the morning, making it hard to sleep.
- Wheezing- whistling or squeaky sound that occurs when you breathe.
- Chest tightness- A feeling of squeezing or sitting on your chest.
- Shortness of breath- Some people who have asthma say they can't catch their breath or they feel out of breath.
Bronchiectasis is another condition that causes obstructive lung diseases. Along with shortness of breath and wheezing, its symptoms are-
- Cough which occurs daily for months, or even years.
- The cough may get worse when lying on one side.
- Enormous amounts of sputum (phlegm, spit) are produced daily. This is coughed up and spat out. The sputum may contain mucus, trapped particles, and even pus.
Symptoms of Restrictive Lung Diseases
When a person suffers from restrictive lung disease, it is a result of stiffness in his lungs. Sometimes, stiff chest wall, weak muscles, or damaged nerves may also cause the restriction in nerve expansion.
Interstitial lung disease is the main cause of obstructive lung diseases and is a general category that includes many different lung conditions. It can further be divided into various types along with their symptoms-
Interstitial pneumonia- Cough, fever, fast breathing and feeling short of breath, shaking and "teeth-chattering" chills, chest pain that often feels worse when you cough or breathe in, and fast heartbeat.
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis- Alveolocapillary block, Cryptogenic Fibrosing Alveolitis, Diffuse Fibrosing Alveolitis, Fibrosing Alveolitis, Hamman-Rich Syndrome, and Interstitial Diffuse Pulmonary Fibrosis.
Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonitis- A dry cough, shortness of breath, which may occur after, exertion or become worse over time, difficult or laboured breathing, fatigue, clubbing, or enlargement of the fingertips at the base of the nails.
Lung diseases are one of the most common medical conditions in the world. They can be caused by smoking, infections, and genetics. It is important to recognize the symptoms of lung diseases to prevent them from getting worse.
Read more articles on Understanding Lung Diseases.
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