If an infant is born in the 40th week of pregnancy, it is considered normal. But if the baby is born before that, then it is called a premature baby. Infants usually born at 37 weeks or less are considered premature. Premature babies are weaker and more sensitive than normal babies. They may face many problems with birth. Recent research has shown that if a premature baby lacks oxygen in its blood, then its risk of death increases by 8 times compared to children whose delivery is normal. This research has been published in the journal Lancet's EclinicalMedicine.
What does new research say?
- According to new research, after the birth of a premature baby, if there is a lack of oxygen in his blood, then his chances of death increase. The research has been conducted on 23,000 children born in 12 hospitals in Nigeria.
- Researcher Dr Hamish Graham of the Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Australia, said, "Blood-oxygen deficiency is common in newborns. Premature babies or children who are born too hard often suffer from this problem. Your body The amount of oxygen that the blood carries from the lungs to other organs is called the blood-oxygen-level "
- "Our research has shown that one out of every 4 newborn babies and 1 in 10 children admitted to hospital are deficient in oxygen in their blood. The risk of death is 8 times higher."
Why oxygen in the blood gets reduced?
The problem of the lack of oxygen in the blood is usually due to pneumonia. But sometimes there can be other reasons for this. Problems of lack of oxygen in the blood of newborns often occur soon after birth, especially in premature babies. This problem occurs because oftentimes the flow of blood in the baby's body continues in the same way as it used to happen inside the womb. When this happens, excess blood is supplied to the lungs, due to which oxygen does not dissolve properly in the blood. This is why there is a lack of oxygen in the baby's blood.
Baby's position during pregnancy
The flow of blood in our body is necessary so that the tissues (nerves) remain healthy. When the baby is in the womb, its lungs need very little blood, because their lungs do not convert oxygen to carbon dioxide. So the fetus mostly throws the blood out of the lungs. But as soon as the baby comes out of the womb and takes the first breath in the air of the earth, the pressure on his lungs increases greatly.
Increase the use of oxygen therapy
According to the researcher Dr Hamish Graham, this research has been done to bring the attention of health care workers and policymakers to increase the system of oxygen checking machines and oxygen therapy in hospitals, so that premature babies do not die.
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