The loss of bladder control or medically called urinary incontinence is a common problem thta can be awkward for some people. This issue can be so embarrassing that there are sudden involuntary dripping or leaking of urine when you cough, laugh too hard or sneeze. The urge is very strong and you don't get the time to go to a toilet. Although, it occurs mostly when people get older, but urinary incontinence surely not just a cause of ageing. There are several factors that can lead to loss of bladder control.
Urinary incontinence can have an impact on your day to day life, so do not think twice before seeing a doctor for the same. For most of the people, simple lifestyle and diet moderations or medical condition cure can treat the symptoms of urinary incontinence. Onlymyhealth editorial team talked to Dr. Aditya Pradhan, Director - Urology, Max Hospital, Gurgaon, about the symptoms, causes and treatment for loss of bladder control or urinary incontinence.
Urinary incontinence symptoms
A lot of people experience occasional and minor drips of urine. While, some may lose huge amounts of urine at many instances throughout the day and even while sleeping. As per Dr. Aditya, here are the main symptoms of loss of bladder control:
- Sudden and intense urge of peeing
- Urinating while laughing, coughing or sneezing
- Constant leaking of urine
- Unable to reach the toilet on time
- Bed wetting
Loss of bladder control causes
According to Dr. Aditya, here are the main causes of loss of bladder control:
1. Alcohol and carbonated drinks
People who suffer from incontinence should limit their alcohol intake. It interrupts with your thinking. If you drink alcohol until you blackout you might also not feel micturition. Alcohol also aids urine production in the body, which can lead to more frequent urge of urination. Even carbonated drinks can be a major cause behind urinary incontinence.
UTI or urinary tract infection can cause temporary incontinence. When bacterias enter the urinary tract, it can cause pain and swelling in the tract, making it difficult for the patient to control urination. UTI also cause pain and burning sensation while urinating.
Pregnancy can be a major reason of urinary incontinence, especially in the later stages of pregnancy. Baby and uterus pushes itself against the urinary bladder, which in turn creates an urge to urinate. A woman's body undergoes various changes while the baby keeps growing inside the womb. The pressure exerted can lead to urine leakage even in the early stages of pregnancy.
4. Neurological disorders
There are many neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, parkinson's disease, a brain tumor or a spinal trauma that can damage your brain nerve signals that are responsible for bladder control, thus resulting in urinary incontinence. Along with these causes, there are many other risk factors of urinary incontinence, including:
- Family history
Loss of bladder control treatment
You need to determine the type of urinary continence you are suffering from and the doctor can easily tell you about the kind after listening to your symptoms. The right course of treatment for loss of bladder control involves necessary medications along with simple dietary and lifestyle changes. Some treatment methods include:
- Bladder training can be useful in delaying the urge to urinate
- Scheduled toilet trips can also prevent dripping, thus preparing your mind for the same
- Reduce liquid intake, especially alcohol
- Pelvic floor muscle exercises also known as kegel exercises
- Medications to treat urinary incontinence
These were the symptoms, causes and treatment of urinary incontinence or loss of bladder control. It is best to talk to an expert if you experience any symptoms of a bladder problem, such as painful and frequent urination, a loss of bladder control, bedwetting and pelvic pain. Bladder problems can have a negative impact on your quality of life and lead to other health problems.