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Hypothyroidism In Men: Symptoms Of Underactive Thyroid

Men with hypothyroidism may develop obstructive sleep apnoea and high blood pressure as a result of weight gain.

 

Sambhav Kumar
Written by: Sambhav KumarUpdated at: Jan 24, 2023 17:43 IST
Hypothyroidism In Men: Symptoms Of Underactive Thyroid

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Hypothyroidism is a condition when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones are responsible for controlling metabolism, energy level, and other functions in the body. 

Although hypothyroidism is more common in women, it can affect men as well. The thyroid gland is shaped like a bow tie and is located at the front of your neck, roughly where a bow tie would be.

Also read: Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis And Treatment

The primary role of the thyroid gland is to produce thyroid hormone and release it into your bloodstream, where it can be transported to other organs. Consider the thyroid gland to be your body's energy provider. Everything begins to slow down as it becomes inactive. In an interaction with OnlyMyHealth Editorial Team Dr Anurag Aggarwal, Internal medicine, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad, explained about symptoms of underactive thyroid in men. 

Symptoms Of Underactive Thyroid In Men

Hypothyroidism usually exhibits deterioration of physical and mental well-being, but most of the time, it is asymptomatic. Symptoms and signs of hypothyroidism in patients can be subtle and not very sensitive or specific. Some symptoms are common in men and women, but certain symptoms and signs are found mostly in men. Common symptoms include: 

  • Cold intolerance
  • Puffiness of the face and body
  • Decreased sweating, and coarse & dry skin
  • Hair Loss
  • Depression
  • Fullness in the neck region
  • Hoarseness or change in voice

Men with hypothyroidism may develop obstructive sleep apnoea and high blood pressure as a result of weight gain. Tingling and numbness in the palms suggesting carpal tunnel syndrome can also occur. Some other usual symptoms of men suffering from hypothyroidism are infertility and reproductive failure. Neurological symptoms of hypothyroidism include increased forgetfulness.

Also read: Hypothyroidism In Older Adults: Expert Explains Its Link With Cardiovascular Risks

Hypothyroidism in men also can cause BP fluctuations in the form of diastolic hypertension and changes in lipid profiles like increased cholesterol and triglycerides.

Other severe symptoms include pericardial effusion (fluid surrounding the heart), decreased heart rate, swelling of both feet, incoordination while walking, and hair loss.

Myxedema coma is a serious consequence of an underactive thyroid that can be fatal in certain people. Clinical hypothyroidism should be treated as soon as it is diagnosed.

When To Consult A Doctor?

Consult your doctor if you're feeling weary for no apparent cause or if you have other hypothyroid symptoms. If you're taking thyroid hormone medication for hypothyroidism, listen to your doctor about how frequently you should see him or her. You may need to make regular consultations initially to ensure you're getting the proper dose of treatment. Over time, you may require checks so that your doctor can monitor your condition and medication.

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