Kidney biopsy or renal biopsy is procedure in which a small piece of kidney is removed to examine under a microscope for signs of damage or disease. It is recommended to diagnose a suspected kidney problem, its severity or to monitor the treatment for kidney disease. Kidney biopsy is also done for a kidney transplant which is not working properly.
A kidney biopsy may be done to:
•Diagnose a kidney problem that can't otherwise be identified
•Help develop treatment plans based on the kidney's condition
•Determine how quickly kidney disease is progressing
•Determine the extent of damage from kidney disease or another disease
•To know how well the treatment is working
•Find out why a transplanted kidney isn't working properly
Before undergoing for kidney biopsy, ask questions about the procedure and make sure you understand the benefits and risks.
Tell your doctor about the medications you have been taking. Your doctor will ask you stop taking the medications which can increase the risk of bleeding.Your doctor will tell when to stop taking these medications and supplements, and for how long.
These medications may include.
•anticoagulants such as warfarin
•Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
•Certain herbs and other dietary supplements, such as ginkgo, garlic and fish oil
Before the biopsy, the doctor will take sample of your blood and urine to make sure you don't have an infection or another condition that would make the biopsy risky.
You may be asked not to drink or eat for eight hours before the kidney biopsy.
The results will explain cause kidney pproblem or will help in changing thetreatment.
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