Diabetes is characterised by an abnormal increase in blood sugar or glucose levels. Glucose is the type of simple sugar that the cells use for energy. The three main types of diabetes are:
Increase in blood sugar in diabetes is caused due to either high or low rate of insulin secretion or improper use of insulin in the body. Type 2 diabetes is the commonest type of diabetes and it can lead to several complications such as kidney disease, eye disease, peripheral neuropathy, diabetes ulcer and heart attack. The risks of complications are decreased in people with well controlled blood sugar. Read to know how to deal with diabetes.
Lifestyle changes: Healthy lifestyle changes are recommended in people with diabetes. These should be followed along with your medications as well, as they increase the efficacy of medications and improve blood sugar control. Life style changes needed in a person with diabetes include:
Medications: Most people with diabetes need medications to control blood sugar levels in addition to lifestyle changes. Your doctor may prescribe oral hypoglycaemic drugs or insulin to control blood sugar. It is advisable to take your medications as prescribed. Even if your blood sugar readings become normal do not stop taking your medications. Take all your medications regularly and do not make changes without consulting your doctor.
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