Diabetic neuropathy is a sort of nerve damage that occurs in people with diabetes. The nerve damage is caused by high blood sugar levels. Any type of nerve fiber in the body can be injured in diabetes, but diabetic neuropathy mostly damages the peripheral nerves of the legs and feet.
Diabetic neuropathy is a common but preventable complication of diabetes. Diabetic neuropathy can be prevented or at least the onset can be delayed with good control of blood sugar and a healthy lifestyle.
The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy vary with the type and site of affected nerve. Hence the symptom of diabetic neuropathy can be pain and numbness in the legs or problems with the digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels or heart. The symptoms can be mild or severe and disabling.
Peripheral neuropathy is commonest type of diabetic neuropathy. The nerves of the feet and legs are mostly affected first. The common signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy are;
If are a diabetic consult your doctor if;
These symptoms do not really indicate diabetic neuropathy but the symptoms suggest that you should get medical care to prevent them from turning into more-severe problems.
Factors that increase your risk of diabetic neuropathy
Some factors that increase the risk of nerve damage in people with diabetes include:
Dr Poonam Sachdeva, our in-house medical expert talks about the why what and how in diabetes.