Gastroparesis is a condition in which the stomach cannot empty itself or takes too long. In this condition the nerves of the digestive system gets damaged which prevents the muscles of the stomach and the intestine to function properly and also does not allow the food to pass through the intestines. The mobility of the stomach slows down or does not work at all which results in failure in emptying the stomach.
What are the symptoms of gastroparesis?
The symptoms of gastroparesis can be easily mistaken with other stomach problems. The symptoms can range from minor to severe. The symptoms of gastroparesis are:
- Upper abdominal pain
- Feeling of fullness or loss of appetite
- Abdominal bloating
- Unintentional weight loss
- Acid reflux
- Changes in blood sugar levels
- Malnutrition and weakness
What causes gastroparesis?
There is a no certain cause of gastroparesis but it is known that the nerves of the stomach get disturbed. There can be several reasons behind disturbance in the functioning of the nerves of the stomach.
Risk factors of gastroparesis?
The factors which can increase the risk of gastroparesis are:
- Viral infection
- Nervous system disease like Parkinson's disease
- Amyloidosis, which causes an abnormal protein buildup in organs
- Thyroid problems
- Certain medications
What are the complications of gastroparesis?
Gastroparesis can further lead to several complications like:
A person suffering from gastroparesis can face severe dehydration because of the continuous vomiting. If you are suffering from this condition then you should drink enough liquid.
Gastroparesis kills your hunger and keeps you full all the time. When you consume less food than required then you will not receive the required nutrients. This condition will to malnutrition. You will also feel weak due to vomiting because it would not allow the nutrients to get absorbed.
Change in blood sugar levels
Gastroparesis mainly causes digestion problems which can interfere with your blood sugar levels and nutrition. If a diabetic person suffers from gastroparesis then it can worsen the situation. In such a condition you should carefully get your diet monitored by your doctor.
Gastroparesis does not allow the food to pass through the stomach and it stays inside the stomach for a longer time. It can cause bacterial overgrowth from the fermentation of food. Also, the food can harden into solid masses called bezoars that may cause nausea, vomiting, and obstruction in the stomach. Bezoars can be dangerous if they block the passage of food into the small intestine.
If you are experiencing any related symptoms then you should visit your doctor and make changes in your lifestyle accordingly. You can also control this condition by making certain changes in your diet. You can include foods like
Vegetables: tomato, carrots, mushrooms and vegetable juice
Fruits: Banana, peaches, pear and vegetable juice
Protein: Eggs and tofu, cottage cheese
Dairy products: Milk and Yogurt
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