Depression, as described by experts, is as a mental condition characterised by low self-worth, sadness, feelings of guilt and disturbed lifestyle. The condition can last long or recur post treatment if ignored. Not availing treatment for depression may also impair an individual’s ability to perform his/her daily tasks and responsibilities.
[Read: How can Depression be Prevented]
Listed below are some facts on depression that you must know.
- Depression is one of the biggest global health concerns with more than 350 million people of all ages suffering from this mental disorder. More women succumb to depression than men.
- As far as the severity of symptoms is concerned, depression is classified as mild, moderate and severe. The severity also depends on one’s history of manic episodes. Moreover, medical history is also accounted, making a distinction between depression in people who have or do not have a history of.
- Depression may be chronic i.e. one that lasts for a certain time span and relapses.
- Mild or moderate form of depression can be treated without anti-depressants i.e. under the supervision of non-specialist health care personnel. Medication and medical care is imperative to treatment of depression when it advances beyond the moderate stage.
- According to a mental depression forecast by the World Health Organization (WHO), the condition will be the second leading cause of "lost years of healthy life" worldwide by 2020.
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 8 – 20 per cent of the total population carry the risk of developing depression during their lifetime.
- The average age for the onset of major depression is 20 to 40 years. As per WHO estimates, seven out of every one hundred patient with depression after the age of 18 years at some point in their lives.
[Read: Treatment Options for Depression]
- The success rate of treatment for depression is quite high with over 80 to 90 per cent of individuals seeking treatment finding relief. Psychotherapy, medication therapy, holistic therapy or a combination of these treatment techniques help stimulate positive thinking in the sufferers.
- Basic psychosocial counselling sessions combined with psychotherapy (cognitive behaviour therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy or problem-solving treatment) is the apt treatment for moderate form of depression. A stage of depression that is on the brink of advancing to severe form of depression or is already in an advanced stage can be treated with a combination of psychosocial treatments and antidepressant medications.
- Self-help is another option to treat the medical condition. There are several self-help manuals and computer-based programmes based on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for depression.
Most depressed individuals suffer in silence only because they do not identify the signs of depression or feel that medical treatment is not the solution for their concerns.
So, it is important to identify depression through its signs and attempt to reverse it.
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