The lid, conjunctiva, and cornea are in the front part of the eye. Conjunctival, corneal and other external eye diseases can cause discomfort in the eyes and can lead to disturbance in vision. These conditions affect the external surface of the eyes. During monsoons, eye infections are usually on the rise. According to Dr. Alpa Atul Pooarbia, Senior Refractive, Cornea & Cataract Surgeon at Apollo Spectra Hospital, Kondapur, Hyderabad, dry eye, blepharitis, allergies, conjunctivitis, corneal infections, injury, corneal degeneration, or dystrophies are some of the most common external eye diseases that you need to watch out.
Common Eye Conditions During Monsoon
Dryness, itchiness, irritation, watery discharge, painful eyes, etc. are some of the red flags that you need to watch out for. Extreme symptoms of eye diseases and infections include light sensitivity, redness and vision problems. These signs and symptoms might be an indication of these eye diseases.
Dry eye is a condition where tear film is insufficient to lubricate and maintain moisture levels of the eye. It can be because of fast evaporation of tears or reduction of tear film production or unhealthy tear film. Dry eyes may result in discomfort in the eye &/or disturbance in quality of vision.
How to prevent dry eyes- Wash your eyes often with clean, cold water. Use an eye drop, as prescribed by an eye doctor to lubricate your eyes.
Redness in the white part of the eye is called conjunctivitis or pink eye. Pink eyes can be due to any allergy, infections, fall from a foreign body, or inflammation. Infectious Conjunctivitis is generally highly contagious and needs immediate attention. Viral conjunctivitis and bacterial conjunctivitis are the two types of Infective conjunctivitis. Viral conjunctivitis does not require much attention and would cure on its own, whereas bacterial conjunctivitis needs to be treated by antibiotics. Pink eye can be because of an allergy in the eye, and also can be because of a fall of a foreign body. This can be dangerous, and if not treated in time, can lead to loss of vision.
How to prevent- If you are prone to eye allergy, make sure to wear glasses while going out. Avoid getting wet in the rain. If your eyes get infected, do not experiment with home remedies and consult a specialist immediately.
An inflammation of the eyelid margin is called blepharitis. The symptoms of blepharitis are burning, the itchy sensation at the margin of the eye, crust formation in eyelashes, blurry vision, light sensitivity, and symptoms of dry eye.
How to prevent- Avoid wearing fake eyelashes during monsoon. Also, limit usage of makeup to prevent catching eye infections.
The most common symptoms are itchiness, burning sensation, redness, watering, and thread-like discharge. Allergies are very common in children and adolescents. It requires intense care over a long period of time till the child becomes an adult. Severe itching habits can lead to serious cornea complications in the future, that’s why control of allergy and regular follow-up is very important.
How to prevent- Allergy starts with itching. So when your eyes feel itchy, immediately rinse them with cold water. You can also take anti-allergic medicines(if you frequently catch eye allergies).
Corneal Eye Diseases
Corneal eye diseases are caused due to various reasons, like genetic (inherited) reasons, because of age-induced degenerative diseases, infection, trauma, autoimmune disorders, nutritional deficiencies, allergies, growths, and tumors, among other things, cause the aforementioned illnesses.
Prevention and Treatment for corneal disease
Many corneal problems are avoidable by reducing risk factors and regular eye checkups, especially after the age of forty. The simplest technique to avoid several infectious diseases is to take care of eye health. Immunizations, for instance, are available to reduce the severity and frequency of shingles, which can lead to herpes zoster ophthalmicus, an eye herpes infection. Contact lens wearers should diligently follow dos and don’ts as advised and hygiene protocol.
The lid margin protects our eyes and helps us to keep our eyes wet, the conjunctiva carries blood vessels and the Cornea is very important for vision. It is essential to visit the doctor and get tested for any eye problems, rather than opting for self-medication. Some of the minor issues can get worse if not treated on time or correctly, hence one needs to make sure that he/she visits the doctor regularly especially when there is a problem, or regularly after 40 years even without any problem.
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