Period discomfort, also known as dysmenorrhea, is a common condition that all women experience on a regular basis. The symptoms that go along with the pain and its intensity vary. The duration of the discomfort typically ranges from 24 to 72 hours, and its intensity differs from person to person. When the uterus contracts or tightens during menstruation, pressure builds inside and across the blood vessels, which is known as dysmenorrhea. Even though these cramps can be really severe at times, they are treatable with care and a few simple precautions in our regular lifestyle.
How Much Do You Know About Dysmenorrhea?
In simple language, a painful period is known as dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is a medical word for the cramps and aches in the lower abdomen and surrounding organs that are typically experienced by women a few days before or during their periods. Other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, back pain, thigh discomfort, and loose stools might also occur.
There are two forms of dysmenorrhea:
Primary dysmenorrhea - It is characterised by abdominal pain for a few days, occasionally radiating to the legs, as well as nausea or loose stools. This type of pain decreases with age and after childbirth.
Secondary dysmenorrhea - It is often diagnosed when a pelvic disease is present. These conditions could include endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and pelvic inflammatory disorders. Users of Copper T, who are often above the age of 30, also experience secondary dysmenorrhea. With time, the pain can get worse, necessitating diagnostic therapy.
Dysmenorrhea Treatment: Medical and Home Remedy Options
Period pain can be effectively managed by a low-fat diet. To avoid excess fats, a vegetarian diet should be the preferable choice.
Maintaining a regular fitness programme is crucial for general health. Happy hormones, endorphins, are released during effective exercise, which lessens the body's perception of pain. This implies that you can work out during periods, but try to limit yourself to low-intense workouts on those days.
Numerous studies have demonstrated the value of vitamins like vitamin B1 and B6 in the treatment of pain. Period discomfort can also be effectively treated by taking fish oil.
Hot compress is an easy DIY treatment. A hot compress is a home treatment that may be used to lessen discomfort. Applying a heating pad to your lower back and abdomen will help you feel better. A warm bath or a hot cloth are also effective alternatives.
Women who are in severe pain frequently use painkillers including paracetamol, ibuprofen, and aspirin. But before turning to painkillers, it is preferable to seek professional counsel.