Does Your Heart Beat, Race Or Slow Sown Suddenly? Check Out The Possible Causes And Advices

There are times when your heart beat experiences ups and down due to various reasons. Here are the causes and solutions for such situations.

 Onlymyhealth Staff Writer
Heart HealthWritten by: Onlymyhealth Staff WriterPublished at: Sep 30, 2020Updated at: Sep 30, 2020
Does Your Heart Beat, Race Or Slow Sown Suddenly? Check Out The Possible Causes And Advices

Your body functions depend on the working of your heart. The advices to keep your blood pressure and sugar levels balanced comes in handy. Sometimes, sudden racing or slowing down of heartbeat can cause bigger health issues than you ever imagined. You have to keep your heartbeat balanced in order to prevent your body from dangerous heart diseases. Here are the causes, symptoms and solutions of situations when you heart races, slows down or skips a beat. This irregularity is called arrhythmia.

What if your heart races?


The normal heartbeat average ranges from 60 and 100 beats per minute. When your heart beats faster than this, you have a condition known as tachycardia. The reason behind your heart racing quickly is that it's working harder than it can. In such a situation, you might have heart palpitations or chest pain.  


The reason behind a person suffering from tachycardia are: 

  • Heart disease
  • Lung disease
  • Abnormal heart structure by birth
  • Fever
  • Dehydration


When it's an emergency, you should contact your doctor. But to avoid this issue, listed below are some advices: 

  • Avoid smoking
  • Take less of alcohol and coffee
  • Close your eyes and press your eyeballs softly
  • Take rest
  • Practice Valsalva maneuver by pitching your nostrils closely while exhaling through your nose

When to call a doctor?

If you experience chest pains and breathing trouble for more than a few minutes or if you faint, then immediately call on the emergency number/doctor. 


Also Read: Why Is Blood Pressure Important And Its Relation With Heart Health, Explains Cardiologist Dr Dora

What if your heart beat slows down suddenly?

The condition is called bradycardia when a person's heart rate goes below 60 beats per minute. However, interestingly, this rate is normal for some people like athletes and healthy young adults. For other people, the reason is that their brain might not be getting enough oxygen like it it supposed to. In this case, you feel tired, dizzy, weak and short on breath.


Here are the causes of bradycardia:

  • High blood pressure 
  • Damage to the heart tissue
  • Sleeping disorder
  • Inflammatory diseases
  • Heart problems from birth


There are no specific solutions for slow heart rate to try at home. Your doctor has to recommend treatment for your causes to heal slow heartbeat. You body needs to get the required amount of blood. A pacemaker can also become a cure for this issue.

When to call a doctor? 

You have to get into emergency medical treatment right away. As soon as you feel chest pains or shortness of breath, call a doctor and don't let the symptoms last more than a few minutes. 

What to do when your heart skips a beat? 

There are times when your heart just skips a beat suddenly and you keep wondering about what happened to you. Whenever your heart skips a beat, this condition is called heart palpitations. These palpitations vary from being light to strong as a heart attack. 


Shockingly, heart palpitations can also occur without any reason. There can absolutely be zero causes for this condition. However, it can be triggered due to the below mentioned reasons:

  • Smoking
  • Panic attacks
  • Stress and anxiety 
  • Too much caffeine 
  • Exercise 
  • Low blood pressure/sugar
  • High fever

Also Read: World Heart Day 2020: How Tele-Cardiology Can Help in Pandemic Times


Here is a list of what to do when you experience heart palpitations:

  • Try breathing deeply. It helps you in relaxing your heart rate.
  • You can also try splashing cold water on your face
  • Avoid taking unnecessary stress, otherwise the situation will get even worse 

When to call a doctor?

If you feel any kind of dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pains, or if you faint, then you have to consult your doctor immediately. All these can be signs of serious heart diseases.  

(Written By Navya Kharbanda)

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