Many children suffer from various fears and worries at a very young age; some of them may also feel sad and hopeless from time to time. Childhood itself is an anxious process. Kids are made to learn new skills, meet new challenges and overcome their fears. At such a young age, children are also made to worry about performing well in school, impressing their teachers and also living up to their parents’ expectations. Anxiety is a feeling, which generally comes in children if he/she fails to live up to any of these expectations. In the worst-case scenario, this feeling can put too much stress on them, eventually making them suffer from a diagnosable anxiety disorder.
Anxiety disorders may be classified into 6 different types, which are…
Generalised Anxiety Disorder
This anxiety disorder includes excessive and uncontrollable worrying about a variety of situations. Symptoms of this kind of anxiety include muscular tension, restlessness, severe headaches and upset stomach. This kind of anxiety disorder can be resulting in worries regarding performance in school, friendships, relationships, or other activities. This kind of anxiety disorder is most common in children.
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Children with this kind of disorder may worry about being separated from their parents. Some separation anxiety is said to be appropriate, especially for children between 2-4 years of age. But for older children, excessive fear or anxiety about being separated from their parents and showing signs like having difficulty while playing or being alone, or even sleeping alone, can be a worrisome factor for the parents.
A complex childhood anxiety disorder where the child is unable to speak and communicate effectively in selected social environments, like school. Children with this kind of anxiety disorder may refuse to speak in certain types of social situations, even if they are very talkative at home or the place where they may feel comfortable. Children may also refuse to speak in public or avoid eye contact with other people. Children around the age of 6 are most commonly diagnosed with this kind of disorder. Make sure that you take your child for counselling sessions from time to time.
Some Specific Phobia
Some children can experience fear or anxiety about a particular situation or object. This can make the child stay away from the object or situation or starts enduring it with much more fear. This can even make children cry or stick to an adult when they can sense their fear around them. Some common phobias are fear of insects, blood, animals, heights, or flying.
Children who experience panic attacks at regular intervals and often worry about having more of them suffer from panic disorder anxiety. A child having a panic attack may show symptoms that can include pain in the chest, choking sensation, dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea, chilly or heat sensations and even the fear of dying.
Social Anxiety Disorder
If your child suffers from an intense fear of having to participate in class or interaction with his/her classmates, then he/she may have a social anxiety disorder. Children may seek this fear through crying, freezing up or sticking to adults.
Anxiety may be presented as fear or worry, but it can make children irritable and angry. One should be alert about some of these anxiety symptoms as some children keep their concerns to themselves, and thus there are chances that the signs can be missed.
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