Lazy Eye: Know Everything About This Eye Disorder Common In Kids

Wondering what is lazy eye? Look for these below-mentioned symptoms in your kids for timely treatment and cure

Gandharv Gulati
Children's HealthWritten by: Gandharv GulatiPublished at: Dec 29, 2019Updated at: Jan 06, 2020
Lazy Eye: Know Everything About This Eye Disorder Common In Kids

Lazy eye or Amblyopia is an eye disorder in kids where the eyesight of one of the eyes of the kid doesn't develop normally as the other eye. This childhood eye condition is serious and needs to be treated on time failing to which, it will affect the cerebral functions of the kid. Whatever your child see through that eye isn't captured by the brain. This may permanently damage the vision of the child which is concerning.

Causes of Lazy Eye

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The major cause of Amblyopia or lazy eye is the difference in the focus of the eyes. Where one eye is weak and the other one has a strong focus. There are times when farsightedness is high in one eye as compared to the other. It so happens that one eye sends a clear image to the child's brain while the lazy eye sends blurred images. The brain considers only a clear image and thus, ignores the blurred image. If this condition persists, the vision of the child would worsen which may lead to permanent vision loss. 

Another medical condition, Strabismus, where the child's eye isn't normally lined up or misalignment, also causes amblyopia. Children with Strabismus often see double images as their eyes can't focus on one image. Cataract or blood in the eye could possibly be another reason that gives rise to Lazy eye problems in kids. This problem blocks light to affect the vision of the child.

Also Read: Infants Can Have Cataracts Too, Ensure Regular Eye Check-Up For Them

Diagnosis of Amblyopia or Lazy Eye

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Early or timely detection of the problem is the best way to prevent the problem from worsening. The diagnosis shall start as the kid reaches the school-going age. Before enrolling kids to school, get them tested for lazy eye. Here are some parameters that must be checked:

  • There is no blockage of light in both the eyes
  • Vision is clear and perfect in both eyes
  • Eye movement is proper

In case of any problem, you must talk to an eye specialist for a complete vision check. Experts suggest getting an eye examination done when the kid becomes 6 months old and next when he turns three. Thereafter, parents should get them every year until they are in school. Also, if Lazy Eye runs in your family, it is highly likely that your child will also get diagnosed with it. 

Also Read: Prevent Your Child From Getting Any Infectious Disease This Winter With Expert Tips By Dr Thirumalesh

Lazy Eye Treatment

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The possible treatment options to treat amblyopia or Lazy eye are:

  • Mild amblyopia can be treated just by using eye drops. It blurs out the normal eye so that the child's brain uses the affected eye for vision.
  • Force the kid's brain to begin using the affected eye and consider the visuals captured by the weak eye. For this, the doctors will be made the child wear an eye patch on the normal or visionary-strong eye. This will help the brain to use the lazy eye. However, the kid must wear it until they get clear images from the weak eye.

NOTE: This might take days, weeks or even months depending upon the condition of the child.

The doctor will first treat any visionary complication like astigmatism, nearsightedness, and farsightedness. Some children are asked to wear glasses to help the eyes focus.

If a kid has a cataract, doctors recommend operating the eye to clear the blockage in the eye so that light reaches the eye.

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