Wisdom tooth extraction is a common procedure that many people opt for. Sometimes, there is very little space for the wisdom tooth to emerge. This puts undue pressure on adjacent teeth, causing pain and discomfort. The wisdom tooth can also emerge partially or at an angle, forcing people to get them extracted. Apart from this, there can be many reasons people opt for wisdom tooth extraction.
In most cases, this surgical procedure goes well, but in some cases, it can also lead to complications, ranging from dry socket, bleeding, restricted mouth opening, and nerve damage. Here are five complications that can arise due to wisdom tooth removal.
According to National Health Services, a dry socket is the most common issue people face after wisdom tooth removal. Dry socket condition is also known as alveolar osteitis, which happens when a blood clot fails to develop in the tooth socket. Blood clots are needed for healing the tooth extraction site, but when a blood clot fails to form, it leaves the nerves under the gums exposed to air and food particles. This condition can occur three to five days after the tooth extraction is done. This condition is accompanied by pain in the gums and jaw, bad breath or taste in the empty socket.
One can also experience excessive bleeding after getting a wisdom tooth extracted. This happens because blood takes time to clot over the extraction site. A study published on the National Library of Medicine portal stated that it is normal to bleed within eight to 12 hours of tooth extraction surgery. According to the study, complications can occur, ranging from soft tissue haematomas to severe blood loss, if post-extraction bleeding is not managed.
Restricted Mouth Opening
After a wisdom tooth extraction procedure, one can also experience restriction in opening the mouth, which is temporary. For this, the dentist can prescribe heat therapy or medication to relax muscles and relieve pain.
Another complication, which is rare but plausible while removing a wisdom tooth, is an injury to the trigeminal nerve. According to National Health Services, one experiences pain and numbness in the tongue, chin, lower lip, teeth, and gums. Usually, it is temporary, but if the nerve is severely damaged, it can turn chronic. An experienced dental surgeon will make sure that no damage is done to the nerve while extracting the wisdom tooth.
Adjacent Tooth Damage & Infection
There is also a risk of damage to the adjacent tooth during wisdom tooth extraction. People who have cavities, filling, or caps are more prone to some damage. Further, there is also a small risk of developing a postoperative infection that may require a further diagnosis. The infection can lead to pain, fever, swelling, and yellow or white discharge from the extraction site.
If you experience these conditions after getting your wisdom tooth removed, consulting your dentist should be the first step. These complications can be reduced or eliminated by following the aftercare tips that your dentist would give you.
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