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Expert Talk: Why Are Low Sperm Count and Poor Egg Reserve Problems Are Increasing Lately?

Doctor talks about why fertility issues in men and women are rising. Read about reproductive technologies in this article.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarUpdated at: Jan 04, 2023 17:08 IST
Expert Talk: Why Are Low Sperm Count and Poor Egg Reserve Problems Are Increasing Lately?

The lifestyle that people are living today is full of stress, bad habits like smoking, drinking, drug addiction, a poor eating pattern which includes, junk food, caffeine as well as having multiple sexual partners that can increase the chance/ risk of transmitted disease, infections, which is not only putting a toll on overall health but is also responsible for an increase in the cases of fertility issues. 

What causes poor sperm and egg reserve count?

According to Dr. Priti Gupta, Senior Consultant in Fertility & IVF services, First Step IVF (Centre for Reproductive Medicine), New Delhi, “The normal sperm counts have declined tremendously, a decade before the normal sperm count used to be around 200 million sperm per millilitre (ml) but now it is close to 20-50 million sperm per millilitre (ml). Similarly, we have seen a decline in the number of ovarian egg reserves in women. The ovaries of Indian women age 6 years earlier than their western counterparts. So observing the situation, normal conception will be rare”.

Additionally, late marriage, and medical conditions in women like diabetes, PCOS are few common and prominent reasons for fertility issues. Every 3rd girl in India is suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome and PCOS is one of the major reasons for Infertility.

Also Read: Sperm Freezing Is A Boon For Prostate Cancer Patients

Causes of Low Sperm Count

Lifestyle modifications to prevent issues

  • Try to follow a healthy lifestyle, eat home-made food and avoid junk food
  • Avoid too much caffeine intake, artificial sweeteners, oily food, etc.
  • Say no to smoking and drinking alcohol
  • Do Exercise & meditation
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Try to relax, sleep properly and reduce stress. 
  • Go for regular health check-ups and understand your body

Couples who are unable to conceive despite taking all steps shall try IVF. This is an option for people with diminished ovarian reserve. IVF has evolved over the years, it has given hope to a childless couple to have a biological child and has also given strength to women and couple who wants to delay parenthood or preserve fertility.

Also Read: 5 Effective And Scientifically Proven Ways To Increase Your Sperm Count

Different reproductive technologies for low sperm count

The science in reproductive technology is evolving with each passing day. Genetic screening, single embryo transfer, frozen embryos, and new methods like MICRO TESE, Double stimulation in the same ovarian cycle (DuoStim), are making it possible for couples to rely on these techniques to conceive a baby. Additionally, Stem cell therapy and Artificial Intelligence (AI) will play a major role in treating infertility. 

In male infertility, especially if the male partner is suffering from Azoospermia (no sperm in semen), MICRO TESE is a new hope to have your own biological child. Earlier it was thought that it will be difficult for patients with Non-Obstructive Azoospermia to have a biological child but with medical advancements and the latest techniques like Micro Dissection Testicular Sperm Extraction (Micro TESE), it is possible to obtain sperms from patients suffering from Non-Obstructive Azoospermia.

Reproductive technologies for poor ovary reserve

Causes of Poor Egg Reserve

For women with poor ovarian response Double stimulation in the same ovarian cycle (DuoStim) is another medical advancement that offers hope: In a DuoStim treatment, patients experience two rounds of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and two oocyte retrievals in the same menstrual cycle, in contrast to typical IVF protocols where patients only undergo a single round of COH and oocyte retrieval in one menstrual cycle.

Poor lifestyles and unhealthy habits have numerous impacts on individual health. Therefore, it is advisable to maintain a healthy lifestyle. For those who wish to delay parenthood, speak to a certified fertility expert who can give proper guidance.