Blackheads are a kind of black lump of oil, which, turns black and goes deep into the pores. Do you know what blackheads are also known as? They are a type of acne vulgaris, also known as open comedones. They are tiny and dark bumps on the skin caused due to blockage of pores, dead skin cells and excess sebum. The appearance of black blackheads is due to exposure of sebum to the air and is not dirt. What happens if blackheads are ignored? They turn into grains and pimples; therefore, the deep cleansing of pores are necessary.
Causes of blackheads
- Combination or oily skin: These types of skin are prone to pores getting clogged with sebum and blackheads take place.
- Blockage of pores: Due to improper cleansing or faulty skincare, oil can build up on the skin resulting in obstruction of pores.
- Improper skin care: Use of oily products or creams in can lead to excess oil that can block the pores resulting in blackheads.
- Hormonal changes: These changes can make sebaceous glands produce more sebum resulting in pores getting blocked. Do you know that stress can also cause excess oil production?
Symptoms of blackheads
- Black spots.
- Enlarged pores.
- Clusters or individual of black colour bumps usually seen around the chin, nose, and cheeks.
Risk factors related to blackheads
- People with oily skin are more inclined to develop blackheads rather than people with dry skin.
- Blackheads are common with adolescents (those who have attained puberty) as they are susceptible to hormonal changes.
- Faulty skincare routine can also lead to blackheads, as people with oily skin should avoid oily creams that build up excess oil leading to pimples and blackheads.
- Exfoliation is a skincare regimen necessary to slough off dead skin cells and excess oil.
Treatment for Blackheads
- Exfoliation should be included in the skincare routine by people who suffer from blackheads.
- Exfoliation creams or gels are safe to use and are available over-the-counter. Avoid excessive scrubbing.
- Blackhead removal strips, i.e. adhesive strips which can be “glued” to affected areas and are left there for some time. When the strip is removed, blackheads come out with it.
- Blackheads can be removed by health care professionals, avoid extracting blackheads by yourself as it can lead to scarring.
- Dermatologists also recommend tretinoin as it helps slough off dead skin cells. It can have some side effects, though.
- You can also use skin peels. In the initial days, the skin does not look very clean after cleansing, but with regular treatment, your skin starts to clear gradually.
Home remedies for blackheads
Blackheads can be removed after a light massage with light scrubbing of the face. Also, you can mix two teaspoons of orange juice, honey, with a pinch of camphor and use on the face. If you want to enhance your skin with herbal remedies like lavender, lemon peel and mint leaf, then add water and apply on the skin. This will reduce both skin oil and blackheads. Prevention Of Blackheads: A good skincare routine and right skin products should be followed and used. Scrubbing gels and exfoliation are quite effective in preventing and removing blackheads.
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