Unwanted pregnancy can be a concern for anyone. Contraceptive measures are needed to prevent such problems. The need and importance of contraception can also be understood due to the increasing population of the world. But it is seen that in this 'Internet era' people only know about 2-3 measures of contraception, such as condoms, pills and surgery. Besides, many people consider natural contraceptive measures to be more productive. Today we are telling you all the available means to prevent pregnancy, i.e., contraception, by getting the right information, you can wisely choose the proper remedy for yourself. Dr Ranjeeta Gupta, (IVF Specialist, Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Infertility Specialist) shares her views on the safe contraceptive methods and what methods women should choose to prevent pregnancy?
What are the contraceptive measures that women can use to prevent pregnancy? While answering this question, Dr Ranjeeta says that nowadays, there are many contraceptive methods, which can be used. In this, there are two types of contraceptive methods, which include - permanent and temporary ways.
Temporary methods: Talking about temporary methods, there are five contraceptive measures.
- Condom: Condoms are the sole method of contraception that prevents sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy. Both men and women can use this method of contraception. However, the female condom is challenging to handle.
- Contraceptive pill: The contraceptive pill is a combined pill, which contains estrogen and progestin, and the mini capsule contains only one hormone, progestin. The medicine is also useful in preventing pregnancy, but it is essential to remember to take it on time.
- Spermicide Cream and Gel: Spermicide is a contraceptive substance that destroys or kills sperm before entering the uterus. Its single-use applicator contains a spermicide gel. It can be used alone or with one method - such as with a condom, diaphragm or cervical cap.
- IUD device: The IUD is an intrauterine device, also known as an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD or ICD), or a coil, a small, often T-shaped birth control device, designed to prevent pregnancy (put in a woman's uterus)
- Contraceptive injection: This injection of contraceptive contains a synthetic second form of the hormone progestogen. It is applied to the buttock or upper arm, and the hormone is slowly released into your bloodstream over the next 12 weeks.
Permanent ways: Permanent methods include sterilization, a permanent method of contraception. It is suitable for people who ensure that they do not want any more children. Sterilization can be done in both women and men and is done in the hospital itself.
How do these methods of contraception prevent unwanted pregnancy? Dr Ranjeeta says, according to different methods, they work in different ways. People who want to avoid pregnancy and are sexually active should be aware of options for birth control.
Disadvantages of contraceptive methods: According to Dr Ranjeeta, these five disadvantages can be caused by contraceptive methods-
- Condoms can cause latex allergy.
- Doctor's advice is mandatory for contraceptive pills and contraceptive injections. Because if it is not appropriately taken, bleeding and spots can occur.
- Regular observance of the IUD (intrauterine device) is mandatory, as IUDs can sometimes cause unwanted pregnancy.
- Permanent methods are irreversible.
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