Hepatitis A to E: All you need to know
- Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver
- 5 types of hepatitis that affect a person’s liver are Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E
- Types B and C are the most dangerous and may lead to chronic diseases
What is Hepatitis?
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Viral infection is considered the most common cause of hepatitis among others. It can have non-infectious causes including allergic reactions, obesity, alcohol consumption or drugs. The condition is self-limiting and can even develop into fibrosis, cirrhosis or liver cancer. There are 5 types of hepatitis that affect a person’s liver – Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. According to the World Health Organization, types B and C are the most dangerous and lead to chronic diseases which can affect millions of people.
The liver of a human is located in the right upper corner of the abdomen. The liver detoxifies chemicals and metabolizes drugs in the body. The main function of a liver is to filter the blood coming from the digestive tract before it reaches the rest of our organs. It secretes up the bile that ends up in the intestines. When there is an inflammation in the liver, the condition is known as Hepatitis.
Different Types of Hepatitis
It is a virus found in the faeces (stool) of people with a viral infection. People with hepatitis A become contagious early in the incubation period and can start spreading the infection even before they develop symptoms. This virus usually spreads through food or water contaminated with the faeces of an affected person.
Symptoms of Hepatitis A
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Pain in abdomen
- Rapid heartbeat
- Feeling very thirsty
- A chronic headache
- Decrease in frequency of urination
Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with a person who has hepatitis B or coming in contact with infectious body fluids such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the virus.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B
- Stomach pain
- Light-coloured stools
- Loss of appetite
- Dark yellow urine
Hepatitis C is a common type of hepatitis affecting thousands of people. In most cases, it is just a mild infection but it can progress to a chronic liver disease faster than the other types of hepatitis. the infection is caused because of an infection with a virus. The major cause of spreading the disease is exposure to human blood. Other modes of transmission include genetics, sexual intercourse and injecting used needles.
Symptoms of Hepatitis C
- Bleeding easily
- Poor appetite
- Dark-coloured urine
- Swollen legs
- Sudden weight loss
- Itchy skin
- Bruising easily
Hepatitis D is a disease caused by hepatitis D virus that affects the liver. Hepatitis D requires hepatitis B virus for its replication and cannot happen in its absence. Getting infected with both of these viruses can lead to a severe infection. A vaccine against hepatitis B is a must in order to avoid the progression of hepatitis D.
Symptoms of Hepatitis D
Hepatitis D does not always show symptoms but they do occur and include the following:
Hepatitis E is a disease caused by a small virus called hepatitis E virus and is most common in South Asia. It is transmitted majorly through contamination of drinking water by stools of an infected person, meaning people with poor sanitation are at a higher risk of developing this disease.
Symptoms of Hepatitis E
- Mild Fever
- Less Hunger
- Stomach ache
- Skin rash or itching
- Joint pain
- Yellow skin or eyes
Read more articles on Hepatitis.
For more related articles, download OnlymyHealth app.
Source: Onlymyhealth editorial team Dec 28, 2018
All possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; however Onlymyhealth.com does not take any liability for the same. Using any information provided by the website is solely at the viewers’ discretion. In case of any medical exigencies/ persistent health issues, we advise you to seek a qualified medical practitioner before putting to use any advice/tips given by our team or any third party in form of answers/comments on the above mentioned website.