Autism is often considered a neurological condition that presents itself during childhood. However, adults can also get diagnosed with this problem. Autism in adults is equally challenging for both sufferers and caregivers. This can affect communication, social interaction, learning, behaviour, and understanding. Through this article, we explain to you some useful information about adult autism.
Symptoms of Autism in Adults
Autism is also referred to as autism spectrum disorder. This developmental disability can be identified through these common signs and symptoms of autism:
- Problem in striking a conversation
- Problem in forming proper sentences
- Difficulty in making friends
- Problem in understanding and expressing emotions
- Obsessive interest in a particular topic that can change with time
- Unable to make eye contact
- Frequent monologues on one topic
- Making involuntary sounds
- Hypersensitivity to certain natural smells and sounds
- Unable to react to something immediately
- Disinterest in activities
- Problem in understanding facial expressions
- Relying on family members for common tasks
- Unable to cope with frequent changes
- Social anxiety
- OCD about specific orders and arrangements
These are just some of the common symptoms that many autistic people exhibit. This differs from person to person. Not every person with ASD has the same set of problems. This makes it challenging to identify the condition.
How to diagnose autism in adults?
Diagnosis plays a vital role in providing the right aid to autistic people. People who didn’t get diagnosed for ASD in childhood might have milder symptoms. Family members must take into account the aforesaid symptoms and get the person diagnosed. When people don’t get diagnosed they often develop complications in the future. ADOS-2 is the most reliable test for diagnosing ASD. The other tests include ADOS 2 Module 4, ADI-R, and 3Di Adult.
Self-assessment test should be the first step towards diagnosing autism in adults. In this, family members should either consult a doctor to diagnose the condition or take an online test. This includes a set of questions whose answers would determine whether the person has autism or not.
If symptoms are present, it is better to consult a therapist or specialist for further detailed diagnosis and treatment.
Living with autism
Symptoms of autism are nearly the same in both children and adults. However, adults might have milder signs because they have already developed a routine and are living a normal day-to-day life. As per some studies, adult autistic people have a strong memory, thinkability, and intelligence. They might not showcase signs and symptoms that we have mentioned earlier in this article. This is why it is not easy to identify autism spectrum disorder in adults.
This developmental disorder can be managed through therapy. This can help in reducing symptoms and triggers. Stress, anxiety, emotional breakdown, etc. can be effectively managed through therapies.
Since there is no treatment as such for autism, management is the only way for autism patients to lead a good life. Family members and closed persons should extend their support and help them cope with triggers.
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