Our mouth is a breeding ground for bacteria, both good and bad. It is active all the time and can attack your healthy teeth anytime. We always think that brushing our teeth is enough to take care of them, unfortunately not. Many factors affect the health of your mouth including talking, chewing, ageing, etc. Since we put a lot of strain on your teeth, it is extremely important that we maintain its hygiene but before that, we must take a look at some of the common mouth problems that create a problem for us. Oral hygiene is important for overal health, hence one must ensure taking all steps possible keep oral problems at bay. On This World Oral Health Day, let's look at some common mouth problems that can be prevented by taking proper steps:
Cold sores are a common kind of viral infection. They are tiny blisters that usually appear on and around the mouth. Cold sores eventually fall after a span 7-10 days from the day of its onset. Cold sores are not serious but they can be fatal in case a person whose immune system is not strong due to medications or disorders. In some cases, it can lead to a serious complication, for example, if the infection spreads to the eye it can affect the vision.
Tooth decay is the destruction of teeth due to bacteria that lives on the mouth. It changes the carbs you eat into acids. These bacteria and acid form a plaque on the teeth and creates holes in the teeth, which are called cavities.
Periodontitis (Gum Disease)
Periodontitis is serious gum disease and it is common. It means inflammation of the tooth due to the accumulation of bacteria on the surface of the tooth. Over time it leads to tooth loss and affects the bones and the gum as well. It can eventually lead to heart attack, stroke and other health problems.
Dry mouth is not a serious problem on its own, but a symptom of an underlying medical condition. It happens when the salivary glands are unable to produce enough saliva. Saliva helps breaks down the food and protect the mouth against tooth decay and gum disease. The main cause of getting a dry mouth is dehydration, but in some cases, it can also be due to diabetes.
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Bad breath is caused due to poor dental health habits. It is made worse due to certain health conditions, unhealthy eating habits and foods. Unhealthy oral habits lead to the progression of bacterial growth between teeth and around the gums. This leads to bad breath. Persistent bad breath can also be a symptom of gum disease.
How to Prevent the Onset of Oral Diseases?
In order to protect your mouth and teeth from infection or diseases, you need to maintain good oral hygiene and keep the teeth and gums healthy.
- Brush your teeth twice regularly.
- Floss daily because it is as important as brushing your teeth.
- Go for regular dental check-ups to keep your oral health in check.
- Eat a healthy diet and avoid sugary and acidic drinks, carbohydrates and sticky food.
- Use mouthwash and clean your tongue regularly.
- Stop smoking.
- Drink a lot of water.
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