Chronic diseases are the diseases that persist for a long time. These are long-term illnesses that stay for at least three months or more.They require the human body to adjust to the demands of the illness and then the therapy is used to treat the condition. Chronic diseases come with several additional stresses, since chronic illness might change your basic lifestyle standards.
Common Chronic Diseases
Recently, adults of the generation are developing severe chronic health diseases at a very early age. While many illnesses are considered chronic, there are 12 major chronic conditions that are a significant burden in terms of morbidity, and mortality. These include:
1. Heart disease
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) or heart diseases refer to several types of disease that involve the heart and blood vessels. CVD includes coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, heart failure and other conditions affecting the heart's health.
Cancer is a group of more than 100 different diseases. These begin when abnormal cells in the body start growing out of control. Normally, cells grow and divide to create new cells in order to keep the body healthy. However, when this process of growing new cells does not work properly, it forms cancer.
3. Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease where blood sugar or glucose levels are above normal. Before people develop diabetes, they get prediabetes first. Prediabetes is a condition where a person's blood sugar level is higher than normal but not too high to be diagnosed as diabetes.
Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs. Asthma can occur at any age but is more common in children than adults and is passed on genetically in most cases. There is no cure for asthma however, asthma attacks can be prevented and controlled with proper and timely care.
5. Oral disease
Oral diseases are one of the major health concerns that affect almost every person around the world. Oral health is oftentimes ignored although it's inseparable with general health. Diseases and conditions of the mouth have a direct impact on the health and affects the entire body.
Chronic Diseases’ Prevention
The majority of health problems in today's generation stems from the kind of lifestyle people are living. Obesity and sedentary lifestyle is the prime reason why young adults are becoming more and more prone to chronic illnesses. Everyone is occupied and has a fast paced life, which makes it very likely that people would develop habits like smoking or drinking very frequently. Additionally, the pollutants in the environment that we inhale today adversely impacts on our health. Therefore, create a healthier lifestyle by incorporating these tips and living a disease free life:
- Keep blood pressure check
- Control your cholesterol
- Reduce blood sugar levels
- Increase physical exertion
- Eat a balanced diet
- Quit smoking and drinking