What is the Procedure of an Abortion

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Sep 06, 2011

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Quick Bites

  • Medical abortion and surgical abortion are the two most widely used procedures.
  • Medical option is most preferred in case of first or second trimester of pregnancy.
  • A surgical abortion procedure involves the insertion of a handheld syringe.
  • It is ill-advised as the sharp metal curette can potentially harm the patient.

Abortion is medically known as the termination of a pregnancy at any stage during the period of gestation. The procedure of an abortion depends on several factors such as:

abortion proceduresThe time that has elapsed during the pregnancy.

  • The reason behind the abortion. They can be both medical and personal.
  • The medical history of the pregnant which includes drug resistance and allergic reactions.


Procedures for an abortion


Medical abortion for first and second trimester of pregnancy

  • This is the most preferred procedure of abortion in case the woman is in her first or second trimester of pregnancy.
  • In medical abortion, medicines such as misoprostol, a combination of methotrexate and misoprostol (up till 7 seven weeks of pregnancy), or mifeprex RU-486 (up to nine weeks of pregnancy) is used to abort the unborn foetus.


Other medical abortion procedures for second trimester

  • Saline induced abortion procedure has been preferred for many years for terminating a pregnancy that has entered its second trimester. Although the use of this procedure has dwindled in the recent past, experts consider it to be safe.
  • Another abortion procedure that can be implemented during the second trimester of pregnancy is prostaglandin induced in nature. In this procedure the medicine is injected into the foetus directly, through the vagina or even orally.


Surgical abortion procedure for first trimester

  • A surgical abortion for terminating a pregnancy that is in the first trimester is relatively easy and can take place within minutes.
  • A surgical abortion procedure involves the insertion of a handheld syringe after the cervix has been dilated. This method is also known as the manual aspiration method of abortion.
  • When instead of a syringe a cannula or tube that is connected to a suction machine is inserted, then it is termed vacuum aspiration.
  • The final procedure that is used to abort a foetus in the first trimester of pregnancy is dilation and curettage.
  • In this abortion procedure, the cervix is first dilated and then a sharp metal curette is inserted to get the foetus out.
  • This procedure is however, ill-advised as the sharp metal curette can potentially harm the patient.


Surgical abortion procedure for Second Trimester

  • Dilation and evacuation is the most commonly adopted procedure of abortion in the second trimester.
  • In this process, the cervix is first properly dilated. It may take even a day to sufficiently enlarge the cervix.
  • After the process of dilation is over, suction curettage and manual evacuation is used to remove the foetus and the placenta.
  • This procedure is relatively more painful and local anaesthesia is administered to patients.
  • Some doctors also resort to the induction of labour abortion procedure in order to terminate a pregnancy. This method of abortion is undertaken in cases where premature rupture of membranes may have taken place.


Read more articles on Abortion.


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  • mona08 Jan 2013

    I have been tested positive in my pregnancy test but i am still menstruating.what could it be?? Is this good or bad?

  • gloria18 Dec 2012

    i dont recommend anyone to do an abortion it killing a human life either way you see it i did 2 abortions and i could have had it a baby is always a blessing no matter how old you are or how it happened it is still a blessing if u dont wanrt to get pregnant keep ur legs closed i may not be able to get pregnant now since ive already done 2 abortions and i really regret it

  • Isabela11 Dec 2012

    I am sixs weeks pregnant how can I rid of it ...please help

  • nirav02 Dec 2012

    I'm wth 4 weeks n hve resently found out about this pregnancy i want to get rid of it i dnt want to exprience teenage pregnancy. Pls help pls

  • shreya02 Dec 2012

    i am with 3 week pregnency,which is the safe method to abortion at home?? please help me,,,,,

  • Melanie31 Oct 2012

    I am 21 wks pregnant today and have been contemplating abortion since the beginning. The father and I are not together anymore and he wanted the abortion when we split up. I have two children already and cannot do this on my own and have not felt a connection to this child at all. What procedure can be done at 21 weeks? Please help.

  • Palesa30 Aug 2012

    I'm wth 11 weeks n hve resently found out about this pregnancy i want to get rid of it i dnt want to exprience teenage pregnancy. Pls help pls

  • navneet singh15 Aug 2012

    can u tell me under 7 weeks of preg.....procedure to take meds

  • sravanthi11 Jun 2012

    am with 10 weeks of pregnency i hav taken mensovit pills but i dint get periods what is the reason pls tell me i am vry tensed with this

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