What are the Potential Complications of Polycythemia Vera?

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Dec 24, 2014
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Quick Bites

  • It is a disease of the bone marrow.
  • The condition usually affects red blood cells.
  • It usually occurs more in men.
  • There are several complications related to the condition.

A disease of the bone marrow that causes an abnormal increase in the number of blood cells is known as polycythemia vera. The condition usually affects the red blood cells.

Polycythemia Vera Complication

What Causes Polycythemia Vera?

This disorder of the bone marrow usually causes the production of too many blood cells. There may also be an increase in the number of white blood cells and platelets. This is a rare disorder that occurs more often in men than in women. It mostly occurs in people who are under the age of 40. The disorder is usually linked to a gene defect called JAK2V617F. However, the cause of the gene defect is yet to be known.

Polycythemia Vera Complication

Possible Complications of the Condition

The possible complications of polycythemia vera include:

  • Acute myelogenous leukemia
  • Bleeding from the stomach or other parts of the intestinal tract
  • Gout
  • Heart failure
  • Myelofibriosis
  • Thrombosis (blood clotting which can lead to a stroke, heart attack or any other body damage)

Image courtesy: Getty Images

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