World Hypertension Day 2019: Know the relationship between hypertension and diabetes
Know, how “silent killer” hypertension and diabetes are co-related to each other and what are the impacts of this combination on your health.
Everything is good in the right quantity both outside or inside of the human body. Especially when it comes to health everything should be normal. If something goes wrong in your body you experience symptoms of the condition but the case with hypertension or high blood pressure is completely different. There are no particular symptoms of high blood pressure.
Blood pressure rises when the heart muscle contracts and pumps blood, it is called systole, for normal it is 120 mmHg. It falls when the heart relaxes and refills with blood and it is called diastole for normal blood pressure it is 80mmHg. Systole is the upper number and diastole is the lower number. When systole is more than 140 mmHg and diastole is more than 90 mmHg than it means a person is having hypertension or high blood pressure.
Do you know there is a relationship between diabetes and hypertension?
People suffering from type 2 diabetes are more likely to have a high blood pressure problem. There is no clue about why these two have this significant relationship but it is considered that things like obesity, a diet high in fat and sodium, chronic inflammation and inactivity contribute to both the conditions. As many people are unaware of it and there are no obvious symptoms of hypertension it is also called as "silent killer".
What are the risk factors for hypertension with diabetes?
According to various studies, if you are suffering from both hypertension and type 2 diabetes then there are more chances of having heart failure or stroke.
Other diabetes-related diseases like, kidney disease and retinopathy might develop if you are having type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Retinopathy caused due to diabetes may affect your eyesight or even make you completely blind.
High blood pressure also gives an invitation to severe health problems such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.
High diabetes is not the only factor that increases the risk of high blood pressure. Factors like high fat, high sodium diet, obesity, advanced age, family history of heart disease, high cholesterol, too much alcohol, sedentary lifestyle, smoking habit, and many more also increase the risk of heart failure or stroke.
Prevention to hypertension with diabetes
Changes made in a lifestyle can help you lower down the blood pressure. A proper diet and daily exercise can work best in that case. Doctors highly recommend having a walk of nearly 30-40 minutes every day is good for your heart health. Apart from lowering blood pressure, exercises can also give strength to the heart muscle. Physical activities can also reduce arterial stiffness. If you make a routine of exercise than it can also help you in getting your blood sugar levels in control.
Before you start, have a word with your doctor and ask them to make a workout plan for you, especially if:
- You have not done exercise ever before,
- You are trying to do something which is not at all easy or hard workout,
- And if you are facing trouble in meeting your goals.
Read more articles on Diabetes.
Source: Onlymyhealth editorial team May 16, 2019
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