An enlarged prostate can make it more difficult to urinate. Not all men who have an enlarged prostate experience symptoms. At first, symptoms may be mild because the bladder muscle is able to compensate for the pressure from the enlarged prostate on the urethra.
The pressure of the prostate on the urethra causes an interrupted or weak stream of urine. Other symptoms include:
- Difficulty starting to urinate.
- Continuing to dribble after urination.
- A feeling that you have not completely emptied your bladder.
The severity of these problems depends on how much pressure the prostate is putting on the urethra.
Another set of symptoms happens when the urine that collects in the bladder causes irritation. These symptoms include:
- Painful urination.
- A frequent need to empty the bladder, especially at night.
- A feeling of urgency that accompanies the sensation to urinate.
- Loss of bladder control (incontinence).
Potentially serious complications can occur if the bladder does not empty completely. Urine that does not exit the bladder can lead to the growth of bacteria, which can cause frequent urinary tract infections. Also, urinary stones can form in the bladder lining due to an accumulation of debris and chemicals. Broken blood vessels can cause blood in the urine, often because of torn or enlarged veins on the inner surface of the prostate. Blood in the urine also can be caused by the sudden stretching of the bladder wall. If left untreated, urine retained in the bladder can back up into the kidneys, which can cause kidney failure over time.
It has also been found that in eight out of 10 cases, these symptoms suggest Benign Prostate Hyperlasia, but they also can signal other, more serious conditions that require prompt treatment. These conditions, including prostate cancer, can be ruled out only by a doctor's examination.
When to call a Doctor and Treatment
Call your doctor if you have bothersome symptoms or if you notice blood in your urine. If your urine flow stops completely, seek immediate care. You also should seek medical care if you experience symptoms of a urinary tract infection.
As of now, there is no treatment for the benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As the condition that cannot be cured, so treatment approaches focus on reducing your symptoms. The treatment option the health expert chooses for you is based on how severe your symptoms are and whether you have complications. The more your symptoms bother you, the more aggressive you may want to be in your treatment.
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