What are the Symptoms of Dislocation of the TMJ

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Oct 03, 2012
Quick Bites

  • TMJ often causes severe pain and discomfort.
  • It also causes pain or tenderness in your face.
  • Problems occur when you try to open your mouth wide.
  • Clicking, popping, or grating sounds occur in the jaw.

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a flexible joint that connects your jaw to the temporal bones of your skull, which are in front of each ear. TMJ allows you to move your jaw up and down and side to side. You use these motions to talk, chew, and yawn.

If there are any problems occurring in your jaw and the muscles in your face that controls it, they are known as temporomandibular disorders (TMD). But people often call them wrongly as TMJ, after the joint.
What causes TMD isn’t known. Dentists believe that their symptoms arise from problems with the muscles of your jaw or with the parts of the joint itself.

Symptoms of Dislocation of the TMJ

Symptoms of TMD

Severe pain and discomfort are often caused by TMD. The problem may be temporary or last many years. It may affect on or both sides of your face. Women are more prone to have TMD than men and it’s more common among people aged 20 to 40 years.

Common symptoms include:

  • Pain or tenderness in your face, jaw joint area, neck and shoulders, and in or around the ear when you chew, speak, or open your mouth wide
  • Problems when you try to open your mouth wide
  • Jaws that get "stuck" or "lock" in the open- or closed-mouth position
  • Clicking, popping, or grating sounds in the jaw joint when you open or close your mouth or chew. This may or may not be painful.
  • A tired feeling in your face
  • Trouble chewing or a sudden uncomfortable bite -- as if the upper and lower teeth are not fitting together properly
  • Swelling on the side of your face

TMD can sometimes also cause toothaches, headaches, neck aches, dizziness, earaches, hearing problems, upper shoulder pain, and ringing in the ears.

Most temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are self-limiting and do not get worse. Simple treatment, involving self-care practices, rehabilitation aimed at eliminating muscle spasms, and restoring correct coordination, is all that is required.

Image: Getty

Read more articles on Dislocation of TMJ.


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