Treatment is based on the child’s risk group.
Staging is the process used to find out how much cancer there is and if cancer has spread. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment.
There is no standard staging system for childhood central nervous system (CNS) embryonal tumors. Instead, treatment depends on the child’s risk group:
Childhood CNS embryonal tumors are called average risk when all of the following are true:
- The child is older than 3 years of age.
- The tumor is at the very back of the brain.
- All of the tumor was removed by surgery or there was only a very small amount remaining.
- The cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.
Childhood CNS embryonal tumors are called high risk if any of the following are true:
- The child is 3 years of age or younger
- The tumor is not at the very back of the brain
- Some of the tumor was not removed by surgery
- The cancer has spread to other parts of the body
In general, cancer is more likely to recur (come back) in patients in the high-risk group.
Read more articles on Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors
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