Scrotal tongue, also known by the names furrowed tongue, lingua fissurata, lingua plicata, lingua scrotalis, plicated tongue or grooved tongue, is the condition in which fissures develop in the tongue and makes the tongue wrinkled. The number of fissures may vary from a single groove from middle of the tongue with fissures branching off from it to several fissures.
It is a congenital condition, but is not noticed until a person gets older. The fissures become more noticeable with age. However, other causes of scrotal tongue are infection, malnutrition, certain health conditions, such as Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (a neurological disorder characterized by facial swelling, especially of the lips, nerve palsy and scrotal tongue), Down syndrome, and benign migratory glossitis, or geographic tongue.
It is a benign condition, with no symptoms. If the fissures are deep you may have a burning sensation while eating certain spicy or acidic foods, such as vinegar or salt. Besides, the deep fissures may promote growth of bacteria or accumulation of debris from food, leading to bad breath or fungal infections of the tongue.
Most people with scrotal tongue need no treatment. If you have burning sensation on eating avoid foods that cause problem. If there is an infection your doctor may prescribe medicines. Follow good tongue hygiene as well. You should clean your tongue daily with a special tongue scraper. Prognosis is usually good as most people it generally does not cause discomfort or problems.
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