Childhood rhabdomyosarcoma is a medical condition characterised by malignant (cancer) cells forming in muscle tissues. It is a type of sarcoma that begins in muscles that are attached to bones and that help the body move. There are three main types of rhabdomyosarcoma – embryonal, alveolar and anaplastic. Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common type, while anaplastic rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare form.
One of the possible signs of childhood rhabdomyosarcoma is a lump or swelling that keeps getting bigger. Among other signs are bulging of the eye, headache, trouble urinating or having bowel movements, blood in the urine, and Bleeding in the nose, throat, vagina, or rectum.
For patients with recurrent cancer, prognosis depends on where in the body the tumour recurred (came back), when the cancer recurred and time passed between the end of cancer treatment.
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