What Is Organ Transplantation? Know What Organs Can Be Donated

Organ Transplantation is great way to extend your life. Know about the various types of organ transplants available.

Puru Bansal
Written by: Puru BansalPublished at: Apr 13, 2021Updated at: Apr 13, 2021
What Is Organ Transplantation? Know What Organs Can Be Donated

Our body is a vast complex machine which works only when all the parts of the body function well. In case of humans it is the organs which act together as a function to keep the body running. Many a times, due to some mishap or physical condition they catch some virus or disease, but mostly it is cured by taking proper medications. However in severe cases where even the medication is unable to bring the organ back to working condition, then its needs to be changed. This process of is called organ transplant. Our technology and expertise have made it possible to transplant our organs when they cannot be treated. Let us know about types of organ transplants today.

Organ Transplant

It is the procedure of removal of one complete section of tissue from the original position so that another healthy organ can be placed in that person. This whole procedure is called Organ Transplantation. Our Expert Dr. Sumeet Nigam, M.D Physician from Sahara Hospital, Lucknow talks about the importance on organ transplant in India. Organ transplant donation is very important in today’s scenario where the diseases are continuously increasing and causing health issues. Transplant is a procedure through which you can cut down the risk of chronic diseases or illness. 

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Organ transplantation is required in case of generic defects which arise on the organ such as congenital heart defect or polycystic kidney disease. It is performed when function of that organ is very poor is not responding and there are chances of morality. There are some severe diseases which can result in organ transplant such as diabetes, or physical injuries could also be a cause. Most of the common transplants which are available in India are Kidney transplant, lungs, heart, pancreas and liver transplant. But all of them require generous donors without whom it would be very difficult.

Types of Organ Transplants

Heart Transplant

Heart transplant is provided in cases when there is a situation of brain death. It happens mostly in case of accidents. Heart is a vital organ and is responsible to perform all the major functions; hence heart transplant can give someone a second life. But the major setback is that heart transplants are very costly and only few people are able to afford it. 

There are strict guidelines for heart transplant; it is carried out by specialised doctors who work around the patient throughout the procedure. All the signs are carefully read and understood before performing any surgery. It is one of the most critical transplants and only few are successful due to the scarcity of donors.

Lung Transplant

It is one of the rare transplants because of lack of donors and critical time of transportation. Basically the lung of deceased patient is taken out and is exchanged with a healthy lung. However the lung has to be put under a limited time span which becomes difficult if the donor is somewhere else.

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Liver Transplant

There are liver diseases which cannot be cured and the only option which is then left is liver transplant. In this case the liver is removed from the unhealthy patient’s body and replaced with either a portion of liver from a living donor or complete healthy liver from anonymous. Portion of the liver can only be donated by a close relative or the person who has blood relation with the patient. Mostly the liver transplantation happens due to alcohol abuse which results in cirrhosis which is an end-stage liver disease. 

Other diseases which occur in the liver are chronic hepatitis B, Chronic Hepatitis C, autoimmune hepatitis, metabolic disorders and non- alcoholic fatty liver disease. The rates of liver transplants are relatively higher and 75 percent of patients are able to continue their life even after 5 years of liver transplant. 

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Kidney Transplant

Renal diseases are quite common these days and many people are falling for renal failures. Kidney are essential part of the body and responsible for filtering out harmful toxins from our body. This ensures the healthy blood flow and electrolyte level which keeps the body functioning normally. When condition of dialysis is ruled out then organ surgery is suggested. It can be of both or the either kidney depending on the working condition. A single kidney organ transplant requires living organ transplant donor which has to be mostly someone from blood relation so that there are higher chances of acceptance in recipient’s body. 

However the person who is donating his kidney needs to be put on strict diet and specialised medications to reduce the chance of transplantation complications. If not taken care off then it can lead to organ rejection. People suffering from cancer, hepatitis or cardiovascular problems are not chosen for this surgery.

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Cornea Transplant

Cornea tissues are sometimes irreparably damaged due to some kind of disease or injury. At that point cornea surgery is suggested. The organ transplant in terms of cornea is very successful and since people are less hesitant in donating cornea, it is one of the commonly performed organ transplant. Also corneal and eye diseases are becoming common and the advancement in treatment procedures has increased, it has become very natural.

Corneal transplants can be done due to scarring from eye infections such as keratitis or herpes, then diseases such as Keratoconus where the shape of normal cornea is distorted. This makes transplantation the only way to build back the eye and restore vision. Hereditary conditions are also responsible sometimes. This transplant is suggested when cataract and LASIK surgeries have proved to be unsuccessful or could cause severe complications.

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Conclusion

Organ Transplants are a great way to bring back a person to life and provide that person good health again. There are many types of organ transplants but all of them are quite successful in India. Most of the organ transplants require huge finances which is still a barrier to health. Also in complicated organ transplants, it is hard to find donors. However due to advancement in technology the process of transplantation of organs in easier now and rate of transplants has also increased significantly over time. 

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