What Is Appendicitis? Here Are Its Signs, Causes And Treatment

The inflammation of appendix is called appendicitis. Check out its symptoms, causes and treatment. 

Navya Kharbanda
Written by: Navya KharbandaPublished at: Jan 04, 2021Updated at: Jan 04, 2021
What Is Appendicitis? Here Are Its Signs, Causes And Treatment

Appendix is the structure at the junction of the small bowel and the large bowel. It is about the size of 4 inches in size and diameter of half inches. It is a structure which is more developed in grass-eating animals as it helps in the digestion of cellulose but for adult humans it doesn't have a major role. It is of no use in digestion in human beings. The inflammation of this tubular structure of the appendix is known as appendicitis. There could be infection in the tubular structure or blockage at the junction between the large intestine and the appendix. It is a tubular structure that is hollow from inside so blockage can occur and cause inflammation. To dig more into it, Onlymyhealth editorial team spoke to Dr. K. N. Srivastava, Director and Head of Department, General And Minimal Access Surgery, BLK Hospital, Delhi, about the symptoms, causes and treatment for appendicitis. Read on to know more details. 

Appendicitis symptoms 

abdomen pain

If you see any of these symptoms, and they follow an order of vomiting then pain in the abdomen and then fever so you should come in emergency. After investigation, like blood count and ultrasound, it can be confirmed that you have appendicitis. Early diagnosis and treatment are important in this condition. So, as per Dr. Srivastava, the most common symptoms that are related to appendicitis are: 

  • Vomiting 
  • Fever 
  • Pain in the right lower abdomen 

Other rare signs of appendicitis are:

  • Loss if appetite 
  • Swelling in belly
  • Unable to pass gas 
  • Constipation 
  • Severe cramps
  • Painful peeing 

Appendicitis causes

appendicitis

Many people get appendicitis at some point of time in their lives. In fact, it can occur at any age, in adults and even in children around 2 years of age. There are not many causes for appendicitis. As per Dr. Srivastava, the main causes if this health condition are: 

1. Infection

It can be infection reaching the appendix through blood streams. If there is any infection in the blood it can spread the infection to the appendix as well. In response to any infection, the appendix can swell. Therefore, a blockage can also be caused to an infection, resulting in appendicitis. 

2. Blockage 

Obstruction in the appendix by any of the fetal matter can also lead to appendicitis. The appendix can get blocked by poop as well as other foreign elements. Blockage is one of the major causes behind appendicitis. 

Also read: These Can Be The Reasons For Persistent Pain On The Left Side Of The Abdomen

Treatment of Appendicitis 

doctor appendix

It might be difficult to diagnose appendicitis as the signs are quite common and not specific to this condition. Many other illnesses have the exact same symptoms. Some tests like urine test, rectal exam, CT scans and ultrasound can help in finding out the real cause and to diagnose appendicitis. Do not try to take any medicines or home remedies on your own in appendicitis. However, it is mostly treated as an emergency case. According to Dr. K.N Srivastava, "After the blood count and the ultrasound examination and once it is confirmed that you have appendicitis. In such cases, the obvious choice of treatment is surgery or also called an appendectomy. This surgery can basically be performed through two ways, i.e open technique and laproscopy. The recovery period is generally 3 days if it via laproscopy and 5-6 days if it is via open technique. It is provided that the person comes in time and treatment starts in time. If the person doesn't come in time then it can cause burst in the appendix.

These were the symptoms, causes and treatment for appendicitis by Dr. K.N Srivastava. After having a surgery for appendicitis, you can roam easily after 24 hours. It does not add any complications or lifestyle moderations. You cannot prevent appendicitis but it is less common in people who eat high fibre foods. 

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