Gynecomastia is enlargement of the glandular tissue of the male breast. It may occur during infancy and puberty in normally-developing boys. True gynecomastia results from growth of the glandular, or breast tissue.
Gynecomastia is a common condition in men and boys in which their breasts swell and become abnormally large. It is informally known as "man boobs." Gynecomastia is more common in newborn males, boys during puberty, and older men.
In most cases, gynecomastia is not a serious concern. However, it may be psychologically difficult to meet. Apart from impacting self-confidence and causing embarrassment, some affected men and boys may also experience pain in their breasts.
A study carried out at Boston Children's Hospital and reported in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery found that gynecomastia negatively affects self-esteem as well as other areas of emotional health in adolescent boys.
Team leader, Dr. Brian I. Labow wrote "Merely having gynecomastia was sufficient to cause significant deficits in general health, social functioning, mental health, self-esteem, and eating behaviours and attitudes compared with controls."
Most men with gynecomastia notice that it goes away on its own. A study published in the journal Pediatrics reported that in over 75% of cases of pubertal gynecomastia, signs and symptoms resolve within one year.
For a persistent gynecomastia, there are treatments available. It is not caused by extra fat from being overweight but by extra breast tissue. Therefore, exercising or losing weight will not get rid of it. There are other conditions, such as pseudogynecomastia, in which fat builds up in the breasts, and are sometimes associated with being overweight or obese.
Signs and symptoms of gynecomastia may occur in one or both breasts. They include:
- Swelling of breast gland tissue
- Breast becoming tender
The diameter of the areola increases, or the chest tissue becomes asymmetrical. The areola is the ring of pigmented skin surrounding the nipple.
You should see the doctor if there is unusual and persistent swelling, tenderness, pain, and/or nipple discharge.
Read more articles on Gynecomastia.
All possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; however Onlymyhealth.com does not take any liability for the same. Using any information provided by the website is solely at the viewers’ discretion. In case of any medical exigencies/ persistent health issues, we advise you to seek a qualified medical practitioner before putting to use any advice/tips given by our team or any third party in form of answers/comments on the above mentioned website.