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Diseases Your Eyes Are Telling You About, Doctor Clarifies

Our eyes are the mirror of our internal body, read ahead to know how you can detect a few diseases by looking at your eyes.

Tanya Srivastava
Written by: Tanya SrivastavaPublished at: Apr 25, 2022Updated at: Apr 25, 2022
Diseases Your Eyes Are Telling You About, Doctor Clarifies

Our eyes are the mirror of our internal body and are actually the first indicator of whether we are suffering from diabetes, stress, heart disease, vasculitis, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis,  brain tumors, retinal displacement and even cancer. Through regular eye examination, early detection and treatment of a number of serious health conditions can be possible. Therefore, one should not ignore the eye check-up because it is far more than monitoring just the vision. 

Top Causes Of Eye Problems:


  • Eyestrain
  • Red Eyes
  • Corneal Diseases
  • Vision Changes
  • Dry Eyes
  • Excess Tearing
  • Problems With Contact Lenses
  • Cataracts
  • Retinal Disorders

Dr Rishi Bhardwaj, HOD, Ophthalmologist, Paras Hospitals, Gurugram explains what he looks for when he examines his patients and what you can look for on your own.

Eye doctors can diagnose all sorts of diseases and medical conditions by looking at the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. There are several diseases that your eyes are telling you about, a few of the major such diseases elucidated by the ophthalmologist are:

Read More: Know All About Common Eye Infections From Ophthalmologist


If you have a blurry or fluctuating vision and pain in the eyes, this could be early signs of diabetes – both type 1 and type 2. This condition affects the capillaries in the retina and is one of the leading causes of permanent blindness across the globe. Not very rarely patients with vision blurring are detected with diabetes for the first time.


High blood pressure causes tiny blood vessels in the retina to kink and twist which can lead to bleeding inside the eye, in retina, and cause loss of vision. Regular checkups can catch the warning signs and lead to early detection and prevention since such a person is at high risk for a devastating stroke.


High Cholesterol

If there is a white, grey or blue ring appearing around your iris (the coloured tissue at the front of the eye that contains the pupil in the centre), then it’s a sign that your cholesterol has increased and it started building up in your eyes. If you are under the age group of 40, it’s essential to get your blood tested for hyperlipidaemia to understand the fat deposition in the blood.

Read More: Know The Cholesterol Levels And Ranges According To Your Age

Liver problems

If your sclera (the white of the eye) is turning yellowish, then it indicates that you’re suffering from some underlying liver-related issues. This condition is caused by high levels of bilirubin, something which our liver makes more if it’s inflamed or damaged.

Inflammatory Diseases 

Inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, Inflammatory bowel diseases, SLE, tuberculosis and sarcoidosis are associated with inflammation of eye called uveitis and retinal vasculitis. 

Even immune deficiency infections like HIV and CMV leave permanent scars in the retina.


Sometimes cancer that arises elsewhere in the body shows up first in the eyes. The two most common cancers that spread to the eye are lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women. Hence dore, from diagnosis of secondaries of a tumor to effects of chemotherapy drugs on vision, eye checkup plays an important role in Cancer patients and survivors.

Importance Of Eye Examinations


Hence one needs to know the importance of regular eye examination including retina examination, and not just vision check. Always consult with your eye doctor to know how frequently you need one as during a comprehensive eye exam serious health problems can be detected. 

Other merits of getting your eyes tested includes preventing damage and  permanent/ partial sight loss. 

How To Keep Your Body And In Turn Eyes Healthy

  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Exercise Regularly
  • Wear shades to prtect your eyes from UVA and UVB light
  • Quit Smoking
  • Limit alcohol comsumption
  • Always remove your contacts before showering, swimming , wetting your face or sleeping

Image Credits: Freepik