Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the intestines that causes diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, loss of appetite, and other symptoms of digestive upset.
What Causes Gastroenteritis?
The two most common causes of gastroenteritis in adults are the norovirus and food poisoning. The infection can create trouble with the absorption of water and salts from the contents of the intestines into the body. This is the reason why watery diarrhea is considered to be the most common symptom of gastroenteritis.
Meeting the Health Care Provider
There is no need to see the doctor because the symptoms of gastroenteritis usually go away without any treatment and occur for a short duration of time.
However, if the symptoms don’t away for a long time and worsen with time there may be a need to take your stool samples which shall be examined by your doctor for specific bacterium or parasite. If a bacterium or parasite is found in the sample, medication is prescribed accordingly. In some patients, blood tests and urine tests may also conducted to check other conditions and infections.
How to Prevent Gastroenteritis?
Gastroenteritis is a highly contagious disease and it is important to take proper preventive measures to stop it from spreading. The preventive measures include:
Wash your hands properly with soap and water or try to use antibacterial hand wash after each toilet visit. Wash your hands before cooking and eating food.
Clean the toilets regularly including the toilet seat. Put disinfectant on the basin and toilet seat after you vomiting or diarrhea.
Avoid sharing towels, flannels, cutlery or utensils with other people in the house.
Not attending office at least after 48 hours of the symptoms showing up.
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