What Causes Varicose Veins? Read All About The Health Risks And Treatment

Varicose veins can give rise to many other severe health conditions in the long run. Know about them in this article.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Jul 20, 2022Updated at: Jul 20, 2022
What Causes Varicose Veins? Read All About The Health Risks And Treatment

Varicose Veins are a common condition. It can affect people of all age groups. Anyone who stands or walks for  longer amounts of time can get affected by the varicose vein. This is because standing and walking can increase pressure in the veins of the lower body.

It can also  develop due to hereditary obesity, lifestyle issues, and also the overall health of the individual. It is caused by the increased blood pressure in the veins that can weaken the wall and allow blood to leak backward. The blood eventually starts flowing in the opposite direction, because of which the veins can become swollen and enlarged. The walls of the veins can become weak for several reasons including hormones, excessive weight, restrictive clothing, aging, etc. Read on as Dr. Vinay Nyayapathy, Vascular Surgeon at Apollo Spectra Hospital, Bangalore, explains about health complications that one may suffer due to varicose veins.(click here to read treatment options for varicose veins)

Varicose veins causes and risks

Varicose veins are twisted and swollen veins that can appear in the lower body but they are common in the legs. Blue and purple veins are most commonly found on the legs and feet. Varicose veins are obstructed by the surface of the skin. 

If varicose veins are left untreated, it can cause ulcers, bleeding, and discoloration of the skin. Severe conditions of varicose veins can be a sign of chronic venous insufficiency. This condition affects the veins and their ability to pump blood to the heart. People with varicose veins are more likely to develop blood clots. Hence it is important to consult a doctor for varicose veins.

Also Read: Expert Suggests Useful Tips To Manage Varicose Veins

Health-related conditions due to Varicose Veins

Varicose Veins

Venous Ulcers

Venous ulcers are also known as varicose ulcers. This is a leg injury that occurs when the veins in the legs do not allow blood to circulate back to  the heart. It is a kind of vascular ulcer. Blood can flow back into the veins and put pressure on the skin. This can result in the formation of open wounds. Venous ulcers usually form on the sides of the lower legs, above the ankles, and below the calves. They heal slowly and often come back. Without proper treatment, they can grow and cause additional leg problems.

Blood Clots

Occasionally deep veins in the legs dilate, which can cause pain and swelling in the legs. Blood clots are usually caused when blood vessels are damaged. This can cause swelling, redness, and pain in the area.  If the individual has lower limb pain or swelling, then they need to consult a doctor as it may be a sign of a blood clot.  Blood clots are not that severe but they can cause inflammation in the leg if it is untreated which can even lead to gangrene.

Also Read: Tips To Manage Varicose Veins During Pregnancy

Varicose Veins

Lipodermatosclerosis (LDS)

Lipodermatosclerosis is the medical term for leathery skin. It is described as skin and connective tissue disease. The one who is suffering from this complication often suffers from pain in the legs above the ankles, hardening of the skin, changes in skin color, and swelling. If left untreated, lipodermatosclerosis can cause chronic venous leg ulcers that are very difficult to heal.  Lipodermatosclerosis can also severely limit a person's ability to walk and run, affecting overall health.

Treatment for varicose veins

Varicose veins can be uncomfortable and unsightly. If it is untreated it can lead to gangrene. But varicose veins are also self-diagnosable, and people might feel relief from home remedies like massage, stockings, and exercises. But if the symptoms do not improve easily, treatment may be required to reduce the pain or discomfort. If the individual finds any symptoms like bleeding, discoloration of the skin, painful legs, or swollen legs they should consult their doctor. In severe cases, the doctor may suggest surgeries like laser treatment, high ligation, vein stripping, and sclerotherapy.


Varicose veins can’t be cured but it can be prevented by inclusion of  exercise and dietary changes in your daily routine. If the individual is leading a sedentary lifestyle, there is a high chance that varicose veins return. Keep the legs active, have a high fiber diet, and exercise regularly. You can improve overall blood circulation this way, and prevent varicose veins.

Image credits- freepik