People with TMD usually have severe pain and discomfort that can be temporary or chronic.
The common symptoms that accompany TMD include:
Causes of TMJ dysfunction include:
Several other conditions such as a toothache, sinus problems, arthritis, or gum disease can cause symptoms similar to TMD. Your doctor will take a comprehensive history and do a complete clinical examination to determine the cause of your symptoms.
X-rays will be taken to view the entire jaw, TMJ, and teeth to ensure that some other problem is not causing your symptoms.
You may be advised consultation with an oral surgeon (also called an oral and maxillofacial surgeon) for further care and treatment.
Your doctor may recommend:
Your doctor may prescribe one the following medications for pain relief:
Surgery: Surgery is advised if the medical measures fail to control pain. The three types of surgery for TMD are arthrocentesis, arthroscopy and open-joint surgery. Your doctor will advise the type of surgery needed depending on your TMD problem.
Several complementary and alternative therapies have been found to be beneficial for relieving pain in TMD.
Nutrition and Supplements: Some supplements that may help to ease pain in TMD include Glucosamine (500 mg three times per day), Vitamin C (500 mg two times per day), Calcium (250 mg two times per day) and magnesium (125 mg two times per day) .
Herbal supplements such as Cramp bark (Viburnum opulus) and lobelia (Lobelia inflata), Acupuncture, Craniosacral Therapy, Massage and chiropractic manipulation may help decrease muscle spasms, provide pain relief, and prevent recurrence of symptoms.
TMJ dysfunction can be treated with nondrug self-care strategies such as:
Try to reduce your stress and tension to keep yourself from grinding your teeth or clenching your jaw....