Eye Bleeding: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Eye bleeding can be a serious condition, as bleeding in the eye can affect vision and may be a sign of an underlying health issue.

Tanya Srivastava
Written by: Tanya SrivastavaUpdated at: Dec 30, 2022 17:03 IST
Eye Bleeding: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Eye bleeding, also known as hyphema or hyphemas, refers to any type of bleeding that occurs within the eye. It can be a serious condition, as bleeding in the eye can affect vision and may be a sign of an underlying health issue.

Types Of Eye Bleeding

There are several types of eye bleeding, including:

1. Subconjunctival haemorrhage

This is the most common type of eye bleeding, and it occurs when small blood vessels in the white part of the eye (sclera) break and bleed. It usually looks like a red or pink patch on the white of the eye and is usually painless.

2. Episcleral haemorrhage

This type of eye bleeding occurs in the episclera, which is the thin layer of tissue between the sclera and the conjunctiva. It can cause pain and vision changes, and may require treatment.

3. Retinal haemorrhage

This type of eye bleeding occurs in the retina, which is the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye. It can cause vision loss and may require treatment.. 

4. Orbital haemorrhage

This type of eye bleeding occurs within the orbit (the bony socket that surrounds the eye). It can cause swelling and pressure in the eye that may require treatment.

Types Causes Symptoms And Treatment Of Eye Bleeding

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Causes Of Eye Bleeding

There are several potential causes of eye bleeding, including:

1. Trauma or injury

Eye bleeding can be caused by physical trauma or injury to the eye or surrounding area.

2. Blood disorders

Certain blood disorders, such as low platelet counts or bleeding disorders, can cause eye bleeding.

3. Eye surgery

Eye bleeding can occur as a complication of eye surgery.

4. Infection or inflammation

Eye infections or inflammation can cause bleeding in the eye.

5. High blood pressure

High blood pressure can cause bleeding in the eye.

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Symptoms Of Eye Bleeding

The symptoms of eye bleeding may vary depending on the type and cause of the bleeding. Some common symptoms include:

  • Red or pink patch on the white of the eye (subconjunctival haemorrhage)
  • Pain in the eye (episcleral haemorrhage)
  • Blurred vision or vision loss (retinal haemorrhage)
  • Swelling or pressure in the eye (orbital haemorrhage)
  • Treatment For Eye Bleeding 
Types Causes Symptoms And Treatment Of Eye Bleeding

Treatment Of Eye Bleeding

Treatment for eye bleeding depends on the cause and severity of the bleeding. In many cases, no treatment is necessary, and the bleeding will resolve on its own. However, if the bleeding is severe or is caused by an underlying health issue, treatment may be necessary. Treatment options may include:

1. Medications

If the bleeding is caused by a blood disorder or high blood pressure, medications may be prescribed to treat the underlying condition.

2. Surgery

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged blood vessels or to remove a foreign object from the eye.

3. Eye drops

Eye drops may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and help the eye heal.

It is important to see a doctor if you experience any bleeding in the eye, as it can be a sign of an underlying health issue. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent further complications and preserve vision.

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