Thyroid imbalance, wherein the thyroid gland produces excessive thyroxin, is known as hyperthyroidism. Learn about all the possible signs of hyperthyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism is a condition marked by thyroid imbalance in which the thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones in excess. Excessive thyroxin circulates in the bloodstream and affects several body functions.
Most individuals experience subtle symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as heat intolerance, an increased heart rate and getting tired easily. Moreover, most symptoms of hyperthyroidism can be easily confused with other medical conditions making it difficult to diagnose.
Signs Indicative of Hyperthyroid
- frequent rise in heartbeat (tachycardia), irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) or pounding (palpitations)
- trembling in limbs
- sudden and unexplained weight loss despite healthy eating.
- drastic increase in appetite
- sweating or feeling excessively hot
- change in menstrual patterns (women)
- men may develop enlarged breasts
- more frequent bowel movements
- enlarged thyroid gland (goitre) or major swelling at the base of neck that moves with swallowing
- weakened muscles
- sleeping difficulties.
The signs of hyperthyroidism depend on how much thyroxin, the thyroid gland, is producing, how long you have had the condition and age of the course.
In elderly, the prominent signs of hyperthyroidism include irregular heart rhythms and heart failure. High blood pressure, heart failure and mental changes, such as confusion are indicative of the severe form of hyperthyroidism known as thyroid storm.
Graves’ Disease and Hyperthyroidism
Graves’ disease, also referred to as Graves' ophthalmopathy, is one of the leading causes of hyperthyroidism. The disorder begins with a swelling behind the eyes, which pushes the eyeballs forward such that they bulge out of their orbits. Signs indicative of Graves’ disease include protruding eyeballs, swollen red eyes, discomfort in one or both eyes, excessive tearing, vision problems (blurry or double vision) and reduced eye movement.
Risk Factors of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is more likely to affect you if you have a family member with the same medical condition. In this case, talk to a physician and ask for tips to manage your thyroid function.
Hyperactive disorder of the thyroid is more common in women than in men.
When to Seek Medical Advice
See a doctor if you experience symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism, such as an unusual heartbeat, unexplained weight loss, sweating and swelling around the neck. Explain your condition to the doctor by describing the changes you are experiencing as signs of hyperthyroidism are similar to those of several other medical conditions.
If you are pursuing treatment or are treated for hyperthyroidism, maintain responsive communication with your doctor so the after-effects can be addressed in an appropriate manner.
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