Side effects of Birth Control Pills for Teenagers

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
May 20, 2011

Birth control is a measure taken against unwanted pregnancy and the most common way is the use of birth control pills which are 99.7% successful. At the same time, there are side effects attached to it. Increasingly teenagers are beginning the use of birth control pills.

Most commonly observed side effects of birth control pills for teens are as follows:


  • High risk of acne although in some cases the pills actually relive teenagers of the nasty acne problem.
  • Enlargement and tenderness of breast, and lumps in the breast. Formation of cysts in the breast and in some cases, breast cancer.
  • Irregular periods and bleeding/spotting in between periods. Sometimes very heavy vaginal bleeding during periods. this condition however, appears only in a few tennagers.
  • Nausea and sometimes vomiting is also very common.
  • Headaches that might lead to migraine.
  • Issues related to eyes such as vision change, vision loss, blood clot in the eyes, and blurred vision.
  • A decrease in sex drive and reduced satisfaction in sex.
  • Weight gain in some.
  • Hypertension.
  • High blood pressure (BP).
  • Issues related to the lower body such as cramps and swelling in the legs, pain in the calf.
  • Issues related to lungs such as blood in cough, chest pain, and shortened breath.
  • Jaundice, change in the colour of urine, abdominal pain. Liver cancer is also an extreme side effect of birth control pills when used by teenagers.
  • Rashes, itching on the body.
  • Rare occurrences of heart attacks, and cervical cancer.
  • If one already has problems such as diabetes, hypertension, high BP, then consumption of pills may increase the rate of heart stroke.
  • Dizziness and mood swings.
  • Vaginal infection.
  • Skin pigmentation and skin irritation.
  • Smoking also increases the risk of cancer in teenagers.
  • Incurable infection of acne yeast.
  • Bacterial infections.
  • Weakened immune system.

Birth control pills contain two kinds of hormones namely, estrogen and progesterone. Pills with estrogen contain ethinylestradiol but there is a variation in dosage. Some progestins are thought to have androgenic activity while others have anti-androgenic effects. So a dose of estrogen or progesterone determines which kind of side effects the pill will cause. Estrogen content affects menstrual bleeding and high content of it will result in high risk of blood clots. Androgenic progestin increases acne and anti-androgenic progestin on the other hand reduces them.

It is always advisable to consult your doctor before consuming such pills and if you are suffering from any ailment then make sure that the birth control pill does not worsen the situation.


Read more articles on Teens(13+).



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