Dyslexia causes symptoms which can vary considerably from person to person. The severity of symptoms can also vary. Hence, two people with the dyslexia can have strikingly different presentation, and symptoms. The prognosis is mixed and depends on the severity of the disorder and age of intervention. Appropriate early intervention before 7 to 8 years of age can improve the outcome. Besides this, prognosis is better for children/people with supportive family and friends and a strong self-image.
Some interventions by parents which can improve the prognosis of a child with dyslexia are:
- Be supportive: Providing emotional support and opportunities for success in activities beyond learning and studies are important for children with dyslexia. Encourage your child’s strengths; many children with dyslexia can be very creative and bright and have extraordinary intelligence in a specific area such as mathematics or science.
- Appreciate your child: Academic limitations may cause frustration and can give rise to other problems such as low-self esteem, depression, and behavioural problems. Be supportive, show love and appreciation, and encourage your child by praising his or her talents and strengths.
- Talk to your child: Let your child know about his/her problem. The knowledge that it's not a failure on his or her part can make handling reading and learning limitations easier.
- Read to and with your child: Make efforts to help your child read and learn at home. Make a schedule for reading and learning activities and have a quiet, organised place for your child to study. In addition ensure that he has enough rest and eats regular, healthy meals.
- Work with the child's teachers: Inform the school and teachers of your child’s problem so that an individualised education plan can be made. Work with your child’s teacher to make sure your child gets one-to-one teaching or extra time and attention for reading and learning activities to stay on track.
- Join a support group: Enrol in a dyslexia remedial and intervention program. Staying in contact with other parents who face similar learning disabilities and the knowledge that you are not the only parent with a dyslexic child can help you to deal with it better. Support groups can guide you regarding education and other interventions and provide emotional support.
Dyslexia is not the end of the world or condemnation to a life of limited opportunities. You can help your child to achieve success by recognising and working on your child’s strengths.
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