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Oligospermia: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Oligospermia indicates you have a measurable amount of sperm in your semen, but the quantities are lower than normal. 

Sambhav Kumar
Written by: Sambhav KumarUpdated at: Dec 13, 2022 23:23 IST
Oligospermia: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Oligospermia is a condition in which you have a low sperm count. According to one medical definition, in the case of oligospermia, you must have less than 15 million sperm in 1 millilitre of semen. The standard sperm count is more than 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen.

To know about oligospermia, OnlyMyHealth spoke to Dr Sanjay Kumavat, Consultant Psychiatrist & Sexologist, Fortis Hospital, Mulund. 

Distinction Between Oligospermia And Azoospermia

Oligospermia means you have quantifiable amounts of sperm in your semen, but they are lower than a standard sperm count. If you have azoospermia, it means that there is no sperm in your semen. A low sperm count is a significant contributor to infertility. 

Also read: Sperm Freezing Is A Boon For Prostate Cancer Patients

Symptoms And Indicators Of Oligospermia

According to the doctor, when fertility becomes a challenging issue, it is the primary sign or symptom of a low sperm count. Following are the symptoms.

  • Difficulty while having sex
  • Have erectile dysfunction
  • Erection is less and not sustained

Factors Contribute To A Low Sperm Count

There are numerous factors that could lead to oligospermia or other sperm abnormalities. The following are some of the causes:


  • Klinefelter syndrome and cystic fibrosis 
  • Urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections, and viral disorders such as mumps
  • Hypogonadism occurs when the sex glands do not create adequate sex hormones.
  • Blockages that prevent sperm from leaving the body.


Toxins are bad for your entire body, including your sperm count. Toxins found in the environment include heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury. 


Anabolic drugs used to increase muscle strength and growth can shrink the testicles and reduce sperm production. Cocaine and marijuana use may also affect the quantity and quality of your sperm.

Apart from these, sitting for long hours can disrupt the temperature regulation of the scrotum, which leads to low sperm count.



Your treatment recommendations will be subject to the reason for your oligospermia. You can boost your sperm count by discontinuing drugs or engaging in behaviours that contribute to low sperm levels.

Treatment options are as follows:

  • Swelling in the veins of the scrotum may necessitate surgery.
  • Hormone supplements and antibiotics may be prescribed by your doctor.
  • Drugs for regulating blood pressure

Counselling may be recommended by your provider to address issues such as erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation.


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