Natural Birth, Water Birth, C Section: A Comparison, Pros And Cons

Comparison won’t help but you can always be extra sure by confirming your doubts from the gynaecologist you're referring

Jigyasa Nagpal
Written by: Jigyasa NagpalUpdated at: May 03, 2021 11:03 IST
Natural Birth, Water Birth, C Section: A Comparison, Pros And Cons

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Childbirth is the most overwhelming part of for a new mother, and in a positive way. Since the conception, the most we are worried about is the delivery time. The to-be-mom tend to talk to all the already mothers about their experiences to be extra careful for what and what nots. the experience of each mother is different- you might have heard  difference in each caesarean case also; some say vaginal births are the safest; and some sat water birth are the best, which may often leave you confused. You may also be hearing about the quality of life being affected depending upon the type of birth.

It is really great to be curious and seeking advice is also not a problem; just see that each thing that you hear may not be applicable to you. You must know that each case is unique in its own way. This beautiful time of your life, one needs to be positive throughout with great will power to handle all of it. Let’s find out about the birth types a mother can experience one by one.


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A Water Birth

Gathering from the term, it indeed is giving birth in water. One of the natural forms of delivering a baby, it is usually performed at a birthing centre or at homes and in the assistance of midwives. This procedure is absolutely natural without the use of medication or any anaesthesia such as epidural. This type of delivery is also claimed to be gentle and less painful.

What Happens in a Water Birth Delivery?

The patient is submerged in a tub ofwarm water, which provides comfort to the mother during the contractions period. A doctor, or a midwife, helps through the process. The use of birthing pool provides a sense of relaxation. Till the time, contractions keep coming; the mother stays in the pool. After the cervix is completely dilated and opens, the mother is to come out and has to push the baby to finally deliver.


  • Pros of Water Birth: The use of water makes contractions a bit bearable for the mother, makes it less painful, and in fact shortens the labour time too. As highlighted, the procedure requires no use of epidural.
  • Cons of Water Birth: There are chances that baby could breathe in water; the time you have to move out of water could sometimes be risky enough; Checking baby’s heart rate or irregularities might become a bit clumsy or complex. In case, patient needs an emergency C section, it can complicate things even more; yet experts with you know very well how to handle a situation like that.


A surgical delivery of the baby comes under C section or Caesarean Section. This can be called as non-natural type of delivery, which is performed during complications in and after pregnancy. Any woman generally prefers normal vaginal birth but if situation arises, the mother is generally informed if she might be undergoing surgery for child birth. 

What happens in a C-Section?

An incision in the abdomen and one in the uterus helps the baby come out. Expert obstetricians perform the surgery. The referring doctor will discuss with you in advance for the need of Caeserean and will guide you through it. A lot of women are afraid of the procedure, but the patient has to remember that everybody is different and so only positivity can help sail through everything. It is better to be prepared before the actual time comes. There also exist various myths surrounding C-section birth

Pros of C Section: Caeserean is claimed to reduce the chances of injury of vagina; it has been seen to have saved lives, in cases of failure of vaginal birth; Due to complications faced by mother, overall Caeserean has also reduced the infant mortality.

Cons of C Section

  • The surgery might not take too much time but post-surgery, a mother might have to stay in the hospital for more time. 
  • A mother might complaint for post-delivery pains; she might also be prone to infections for a little longer. A risk of harm to other organs is always there. In a few cases, there is risk to the child, in terms of injury and breathing problems.

Normal Delivery or Vaginal Birth

As birth is a very natural process, the most preferred, mostly short, and requiring least medical assistance, is the normal delivery, also known as the vaginal birth. It is considered the most beneficial one for both the child and the mother. 

  • Pros of Natural Birth: With only and only nature’s intervention, this type of delivery is the safest, giving no troubles at all to both the mother and the child. Baby and the mother can soon have contact with each other; in fact breastfeeding can be started as early as the delivery process gets completed. The recovery is quicker. 
  • Cons of Natural Birth: The process is physically straining to the mother. The mother might feel some pain for some time after the delivery in the perineum region. Sometimes, bruises or injuries to the head and around areas are also possible, when the baby is large.


Also Read: Post-Pregnancy Care Tips: What Physical And Emotional Changes A Woman Undergoes During This Phase?

Whichever process one experience, a mother has to go through the most beautiful moment of her life, for which she has to prepare well with the help of her family and the doctor- a strong will is all that is required. The doctor plays a great role here by preparing the mother regarding the safety of the upcoming delivery. Taking good care of the diet, the required medications and staying happy and positive is the best way to go and being careful even after delivery keeps the mother and the child in great health.

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