A study has found that women with type 2 diabetes are more at risk of menstrual irregularities – one of the symptoms of PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome).
PCOS is a common hormonal imbalance disorder that affects a woman’s menstrual cycle. In this condition, the ovaries are enlarged and small cysts develop around the edges, causing insulin resistance.
“It’s important for girls with Type-2 diabetes to be assessed for menstrual problems,” said Megan Kelsey, the lead author of the study, from the University of Colorado, US.
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“Infrequent periods can be associated with heavy and painful periods, increased risk for fatty liver disease, fertility problems and long-term increased risk of endometrial cancer,” added Kelsey.
The team examined the frequency of menstrual irregularity in girls who have recently developed the problem of diabetes and whether factors such as lifestyle or rosiglitazone to previous treatment with metformin helped improve symptoms.
In the study, the researchers found that more than 20% girls were suffering from menstrual irregularity and they had high testosterone levels were high, which also is the underlying cause of PCOS.
However, some girls did not have increased testosterone levels. The other possible causes could be pregnancy, hormonal imbalances, diseases, infections and some particular medications.
“Our findings suggest that girls with youth-onset diabetes may need the additional intervention above and beyond their diabetes treatment to improve their menstrual health,” said Kelsey.
The study was published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
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