Low Testosterone: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

This article is a must-read for men as it covers potential causes, symptoms, and treatments of low testosterone in men.

Shivangi Sarkar
Written by: Shivangi SarkarUpdated at: Jan 16, 2023 08:30 IST
Low Testosterone: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Testosterone is a key male hormone that is responsible for characteristics like hair growth, muscle mass and changes in voice. It contributes to the development of male genitals and later in life plays a role in one’s libido, muscle mass, bone density and much more. As men age, their testosterone levels gradually decline particularly over 40. The decline in testosterone causes a lack of interest in sexual functioning, fatigue, and mental distress. These effects can take a toll on a man’s life. Mild degrees of depression and infertility have also been associated with low testosterone levels. This article covers the causes, symptoms, and treatments of low testosterone. 

Symptoms Of Low Testosterone

Some symptoms of low testosterone are as follows:

  • Low Sex Drive: Low sex drive and feeling uninterested in participating in sexual activities.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired all the time, despite actually getting rest and eating relatively healthily. 
  • Depression: Mild degrees of depression.
  • Hair Loss: Male pattern hair loss, patchy beard, and bald spots can all be signs of low testosterone. 
  • Growth Of Breast Tissue
  • Erectile Dysfunction: The inability to achieve or maintain an erection that is firm enough to engage in sexual activity is known as erectile dysfunction (ED).
  • Loss In Muscle Mass: Reduced endurance when exercising.

Causes Of Low Testosterone

Low Testosterone Symptoms

Testosterone seems to peak in early adulthood and slowly decreases over time. It is part of a man’s natural ageing process, losing about one to two per cent of their production each year. This effect can become noticeable in men in their 50s and upwards. 

While lowering testosterone can be a part of a man’s natural ageing process but it can also be caused due to underlying diseases or medical problems. The following are some causes of low testosterone.

Dietary Factors

  • Overconsumption of soy products can be a cause of low testosterone levels. Soy foods in the structure are quite similar to estrogen, which is the female sex hormone. High levels of estrogen are associated with low levels of testosterone. 
  • You should eat fats in moderation as your body needs fat to produce testosterone. If your fat consumption is too little it can contribute to lower levels of testosterone. 
  • Consuming too much bisphenol A is also a contributor to low levels of testosterone. This chemical is found in plastic like plastic bottles.

Overweight or Obesity

Low Testosterone Causes

Being overweight or obese is a major cause of low testosterone levels. This is because your fat tissue can convert testosterone into estrogen. In addition, being overweight can increase your risk of diabetes which is further associated with low testosterone. 

Stress and Sleep

Too much stress and too little sleep cause your body to release all kinds of other hormones like cortisol, and high levels of cortisol can indirectly lead to a decreased production of testosterone. 

Treatment Of Low Testosterone

As the decline in testosterone levels as one age is normal, treatment may not be required in certain cases. If it is required testosterone therapy is recommended. It can be taken through the skin in form of injections, in form of pills consumed orally, through the nose or by pellets under the skin.

Testosterone therapy can help improve symptoms. Some major lifestyle changes can also help like, getting enough sleep and staying active.