'Life is movement,' said Aristotle, the Greek philosopher. Movement is an essential human feature that is expertly performed by the body's musculoskeletal system. The skeletal basis for movement is provided by the bones and joints. Pain, immobility, and incapacity to conduct daily activities can come from bone or joint problems. Surgery is frequently required to correct the condition, alleviate pain, and restore function. In an interaction with OnlyMyHealth editorial team, Dr. Siddharth M. Shah, Consultant Orthopaedics and Joint Replacement Surgeon, S L Raheja (A Fortis Associate) Hospital, Mahim, explained about the things to consider before having bone or joint surgery. This is what he had to say:
Is Surgery The Best Choice For You?
Broken bones and worn-out joints may necessitate surgery. However, not all bone and joint issues require surgery. Some fractures mend adequately with only a plaster or a brace and do not necessitate surgery. Injections of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or stem cells, for example, can provide relief to worn-out joints and injured tendons, especially in mild to moderate cases. You need to discuss treatment options with your doctor and take an active role in making treatment decisions.
Do Research About The Surgery And How It Will Help You
If surgery is the right option, find out what the surgery involves and how it will help you. Being informed beforehand will help you set realistic expectations from the treatment. Surgery for fractures usually require fixing them with implants like plates or nails. Badly damaged joints are usually fixed by replacement of the worn-out surfaces with artificial metal or ceramic-coated implants. However, there may be risks associated with the surgery. Discuss with your surgeon to understand these issues and make an informed choice.
Inform The Doctor About Your Entire Medical History And Drugs
It is critical that your doctor is aware of any medical ailments you have or have had, as well as any medications (including herbal medicines) you take for any health issue. This can impact your treatment. Blood thinners, for example, may need to be halted for a few days to prevent the risk of excessive bleeding before or after surgery. Previous surgery, particularly on the same bone or joint, may necessitate a change in the surgeon's treatment plan. Inform your doctor immediately if you have a fever or any other illness, particularly in the week before your operation.
Recovery Period And Medical Leave
Post-surgery, there may be restrictions on your mobility or ability to put weight on the legs; this can last for a few weeks or months. You may have to move about using crutches or a walking frame. Your doctor may ask you to avoid stairs for a few weeks after surgery. A commode seat extension may be needed in order to avoid putting strain on the operated leg. Physiotherapy is often needed after bone and joint surgery. Ensure that suitable arrangements have been made, including for your transfer to home from hospital, after surgery. Apply for medical leave from work as recommended by your doctor.
Put An End To Drinking Alcohol And Smoking
Smoking slows down bone recovery and raises the possibility of infection following surgery. For at least four to eight weeks before surgery, quit smoking. Drinking alcohol before surgery increases the chance of bleeding during the procedure. The risk of postoperative problems rises with heavy alcohol consumption before surgery. Alcohol should be avoided for at least 48 hours before surgery.
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