Children and adults both have various health problems. More often children are more vulnerable to diseases and health issues than adults as they have stronger immunity. But there are some problems which are common for both, one of them is nose bleeding. Nosebleeds are common in both children and adults. It happens mostly in children of age 3-10 and adults. Nose bleeds may not be very problematic in general but some type of nose bleeding can cause severe issues.
How Does Nose Bleeds Happen?
Our health expert Dr. Sumeet Nigam, Physician from Sahara Hospital, Lucknow has his say on nose bleeding. According to his it is a very common medical condition which can happen to anyone. It is more likely that a person may have anterior nosebleed that posterior. Anterior nose bleeds occur in front of the nose break and bleeds. It can happen to children who play under sun for long hours and that heat can cause nosebleeds. Dryness can also be a concerning factor.
Causes of Nosebleeds
There can be many causes due to which nosebleeds can occur. Mostly it is due to dryness and heat. If there is sudden breakout of nosebleed, then there are fewer chances that it can cause any serious harm to health. But if the frequency of nosebleeds increases, then there are chances that you may have a serious problem.
In general living in a dry climate with too much heat can dry out the nasal membranes which can result to nose bleeding. This dryness causes crusting inside the nose. Crusting may become itchy or irritating and scratching it up can cause nose bleed.
There are also some medications which can lead to nose bleeding. Taking antihistamines and decongestants for allergies, cold or sinus problems can also dry the nose which again makes it vulnerable to bleeding if scratched or picked.
However there can be other causes too. They are-
- Chemical irritants
- Allergic reaction
- Foreign object getting stuck in the nose.
- Injury to nose
- Direct cold air
- Picking up nose
- Upper respiratory infection
- Large doses of Asprin
- Repeated sneezing
Some of the causes which lead to nosebleeds can also be symptoms of other problems such as-
- High blood pressure
- Bleeding disorder
- Blood clotting disorder
Types of Nosebleeds
Nose bleeding is of two types- Anterior Nosebleed and Posterior Nosebleed.
Since most of the nosebleed which happen are Anterior nosebleeds which do not require much medical attention. On the other hand if the nosebleed lasts longer than 20 minutes then it can be posterior nosebleed.
Injuries which are caused because of falling, some accident or some fight can lead to posterior nosebleed. It indicates broken nose, skull fracture or internal bleeding.
Anterior Nosebleed- Since in anterior nosebleed, you bleed from front of your nose i.e. a nostril. When it happens squeeze the soft part of your nose. Make sure that it nostrils are fully closed and keep it like that for 10 minutes. Do not lie down as then the blood can go in our stomach through mouth which can cause little irritation. During the process breathe through the mouth.
You can also apply cold compress over the bridge of your nose or use a nasal spray decongestant. It the bleeding doesn’t stop even then, visit a doctor as there may be chances of Posterior nosebleed.
Posterior Nosebleed- This type of nose bleeding occurs when it bleeds from back of the nose. Because of this the blood also flows from back of your nose down the throat. It is less common to have posterior nosebleed. Even when you have posterior nosebleed, do not lie down as it can increase the chances of blood going inside the stomach. It should not be treated at home. If you think you have posterior nosebleed, see your doctor immediately.
How to Prevent Nosebleeds?
- Avoid picking your nose.
- Limit your intake of aspirin if you do. It is used to thin your blood and contribute to nosebleeds. However it is recommended to consult your doctor before changing any dose of aspirin.
- Use antihistamines and decongestants in moderation. They can also dry out the nose.
- Use a humidifier or keep water in your room especially when you sleep so that the air remains moist.
- Keep the nasal passage moist or use a saline spray which can help.
- Resist the urge to pack your nose.
It is a medical technique which is useful to stop frequent nose bleeding. This actually involves the doctor burning the blood vessels in your nose with a heating device or silver nitrate. Silver nitrate is also used to remove any tissue. This method is not commonly used as it looks scary and can be slightly painful too. The doctor may then pack your nose with cotton, gauze or foam. This stops the bleeding in the nose. A balloon type structure is used to apply pressure on nose for it to stop bleeding. This whole technique is called Cauterization.
Nose bleeding is a common health issue which is caused by dryness in nose. It can be because of both dryness and heat. Normally the nosebleed which occurs is anterior nosebleed however if the bleeding doesn’t stop in 20 minutes then it can also be posterior bleeding. There are many ways to prevent nosebleeds but it is best to keep your nose little moist so that there are less chances of having nose bleeding.
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