Brain cancer is a catastrophic disease in which cancer cells grow in the brain to form a mass of cancer tissues. Cancer tissues, also called tumour, disturb the normal brain functions. Brain cancer is categorised into two types- primary brain cancer and metastatic brain cancer. In primary brain cancer, the cancerous cells develop from the brain and in metastatic brain cancer, the brain gets the cancer cells from other parts of the body. National Cancer Institute estimated that 22,000 people every year are diagnosed with brain cancer.
Here are some facts about brain cancer:
- Brain cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Regrettably, the exact cause of brain cancer is unknown.
- Brain cancer is popularly referred to as brain tumour. Brain tumours are cancerous cells from other parts of the body (e.g. lung, breast, stomach etc.) that spread to the brain.
- WHO has listed around 126 primary brain cancers that develop in the brain. According to the American Brain Tumour Association, around 3,59,000 people in the US live with primary brain cancer.
- Common symptoms of all forms of brain cancer include headaches, seizures, personality changes, eye weakness, nausea or vomiting, anxiety, speech disturbances, memory loss etc.
[Read: Early Symptoms of Brain Cancer]
- Males have higher risk of developing brain cancer than females, but glioma, the commonest primary brain cancer, occurs more in women than men.
- Europeans have elevated chances of developing brain cancer compared with people of other ethnicities.
- A primary brain cancer limits itself to brain and does not spread to other organs. A patient, who dies because of primary brain cancer, can possibly donate his or her organs.
- Glioblastoma, meningioma and oligodendroglioma are different types of brain cancer that are often found in adults. Oligodendroglioma have cells shaped like fried eggs. Another type of brain cancer called ‘Astrocytomas’ has cells that look like stars.
- Metastatic brain cancer (that spreads from other parts of the body to the brain) is the most common type of brain cancer.
- Brain cancer is not common among young people. Middle-aged people or people aged 65 have the risk of developing brain cancer.
- Your cell phone emits radioactive waves, which is a potential cause of brain cancer.
- According to the American Brain Tumour Association, all types of brain cancers are treatable, if caught early. There are around 130 types of brain cancer and therefore, are difficult to diagnose.
- Standard treatment of brain cancer includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy and brain surgery.
The given facts may help you to understand the symptoms, signs, causes and treatment of brain cancer.
Read more articles on Brain Cancer.
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